Unit 7.1

Be going to

Verb Phrase

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Introduction

Be going to yra struktūra, nurodanti ateities planus.

Form

Teigiama forma

To be going to teigiama forma sudaroma laikantis šios sakinio struktūros:
Subject + to be + going to + verb + …

  • Teigiamos formos trumpinys yra toks pats kaip ir to be: I’m – you’re – he’s…
Subject To Be going to Verb
I am going to work
You are going to work
He is going to work
She is going to work
It is going to work
We are going to work
You are going to work
They are going to work

Neigiama forma

To be going to neigiama forma sudaroma laikantis šios sakinio struktūros:
Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …

  • Neigiamos formos trumpinys yra toks pats kaip ir to be: I’m not – you’re not/you aren’t – he’s not/he isn’t…
Subject To Be + not going to Verb
I am not going to work
You are not going to work
He is not going to work
She is not going to work
It is not going to work
We are not going to work
You are not going to work
They are not going to work

Klausiamoji forma

To be going to klausiamoji forma sudaroma laikantis šios sakinio struktūros:
To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

To Be Subject going to Verb Question
Mark
Am I going to work ?
Are you going to work ?
Is he going to work ?
Is she going to work ?
Is it going to work ?
Are we going to work ?
Are you going to work ?
Are they going to work ?

Example

Teigiama forma

  • am going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is going to be the boss.
  • We are going to visit your company today.

Neigiama forma

  • am not going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is not going to be the boss.
  • We are not going to visit your company today.

Klausiamoji forma

  • Am I going to the shop this weekend?
  • Is he going to be the boss when he grows up?
  • Are we going to visit your company today?

Use

Naudojame be going to struktūrą, kai kalbame apie ketinimus ir ateites planus, kurie jau buvo suplanuoti.

PASTABA: Neformaliame kontekste galime sakyti/rašyti gonna vietoje going to.

Summary

Struktūra to be going to išreiškia ketinimus ir ateites planus, kurie jau buvo suplanuoti.

Ją galime naudoti trijose skirtingose formose:

  • Teigiama forma [affirmativa]: Sakinį pradedame veiksniu, kurį vėliau seka to be going to forma kartu su atitinkamu veiksmažodžiu.  
  • Neigiama forma [negativa].: Sakinį pradedame veiksniu, kurį vėliau seka to be not going to forma kartu su atitinkamu veiksmažodžiu.
  • Klausiamoji forma [interrogative]: Sakinį pradedame to be, kurį vėliau seka veiksnys, going to ir atitinkamas veiksmažodis. Sakinį užbaigiame tiesioginio klausimo skyrybos ženklu – klaustuku.

Pavyzdžiui:
Teigiama f.:“am going to go to work.”
Neigiama f.: „I am not going to go to work, I am going to the shop.“
Klausiamoji f.: „Are you going to work?

Peržvelkime informaciją pateiktą {Form} dalyje. Žvilgtelkime į {Example} dalį, kurioje nurodyta, kaip ši mokomoji medžiaga naudojama kontekste.

Exercise

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English Grammar A1 Level for Lithuanian speakers Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.

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