Unit 7.1

La costruzione verbale Be going to

Verb Phrase

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Introduction

Be going to é una costruzione verbale che usiamo per parlare del futuro.

Form

Affermativa

La struttura nella forma affermativa è:
Subject + to be + going to + verb + …

  • La forma breve affermativa é la stessa del verbo to be: I’m – you’re – he’s…
SubjectTo Begoing toVerb
Iamgoing towork
Youaregoing towork
Heisgoing towork
Sheisgoing towork
Itisgoing towork
Wearegoing towork
Youaregoing towork
Theyaregoing towork

Negativa

La struttura nella forma negativa é:
Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …

  • La forma breve negativa é la stessa del verbo to be: I’m not – you’re not/you aren’t – he’s not/he isn’t…
SubjectTo Be + notgoing toVerb
Iam notgoing towork
Youare notgoing towork
Heis notgoing towork
Sheis notgoing towork
Itis notgoing towork
Weare notgoing towork
Youare notgoing towork
Theyare notgoing towork

Interrogativa

La struttura nella forma interrogativa è:
To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

To BeSubjectgoing toVerbQuestion
Mark
AmIgoing towork?
Areyougoing towork?
Ishegoing towork?
Isshegoing towork?
Isitgoing towork?
Arewegoing towork?
Areyougoing towork?
Aretheygoing towork?

Example

Affermativa

  • am going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is going to be the boss.
  • We are going to visit your company today.

Negativa

  • am not going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is not going to be the boss.
  • We are not going to visit your company today.

Interrogativa

  • Am I going to the shop this weekend?
  • Is he going to be the boss when he grows up?
  • Are we going to visit your company today?

Use

Usiamo to be going to per parlare di intenzioni e piani per il futuro.

NOTE: Possiamo usare gonna invece di going to in contesti informali.

Summary

Be going to si usa per parlare di intenzioni e piani futuri.

  • Forma affermativa: Subject + to be + going to + verb + …
  • Forma negativa: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …
  • Forma interrogativa: To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

Per esempio:
—Forma affermativa: “I am going to go to work”.
—Forma negativa: “I am not going to go to work, I am going to the shop.”
—Forma interrogativa: Are you going to work?”

Rivediamo questo contenuto nella sezione{Form}. Dai un’occhiata alla sezione {Example} che mostra il suo uso in un contesto.

Exercise

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License

English Grammar A1 Level for Italian speakers Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.

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