Unit 7.1

Be going to

Introduction

Вe going to келер шаққа жататын құрылым.

Form

Affirmative

То be going to болымды сөйлемде мынадай құрылымнан жасалады:
Subject + to be + going to + verb + …

Subject To Be Going To Verb
I am going to work
You are going to work
He is going to work
She is going to work
It is going to work
We are going to work
You are going to work
They are going to work
  • Болымды сөйлемнің қысқаша формасы to be-дің қысқаша формасымен бірдей: I’m – you’re – he’s…

Negative

To be going to негативті сөйлемде мынадай құрылымнан жасалады:
Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …

Subject To Be + not Going To Verb
I am not going to work
You are not going to work
He is not going to work
She is not going to work
It is not going to work
We are not going to work
You are not going to work
They are not going to work
  • Негативті сөйлемнің қысқаша формасы to be-дің қысқаша формасымен бірдей:I’m not – you’re not/you aren’t – he’s not/he isn’t…

Interrogative

To be going to сұраулы сөйлемде мынадай құрылымнан жасалады:
To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

To Be Subject Going To Verb Question
Mark
Am I going to work ?
Are you going to work ?
Is he going to work ?
Is she going to work ?
Is it going to work ?
Are we going to work ?
Are you going to work ?
Are they going to work ?

Example

Affirmative

  • I am going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is going to be the boss.
  • We are going to visit your company today.

Negative

  • I am not going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is not going to be the boss.
  • We are not going to visit your company today.

Interrogative

  • Am I going to the shop this weekend?
  • Is he going to be the boss when he grows up?
  • Are we going to visit your company today?

Use

Болашақ жоспарларды айтқанда немесе ниет білдіргенде be going to қолданылады .

ЕСКЕРТУ:Бейресми мәтінде  going to-дің орнына gonna қолданылады.

Summary

Болашақ жоспарларды айтқанда немесе ниет білдіргенде be going to қолданылады .

Біз оны түрлі формада қолдана аламыз:

  • Affirmative: We start with the subject followed by to be followed by going to and the verb.
  • Negative: We start with the subject followed by to be not followed by going to and the verb.
  • Interrogative: We start with to be followed by the subject followed by going to and the verb (the sentence ends with a question mark).

Мысалы:
— Affirmative: “I am going to go to work.”
— Negative: “I am not going to go to work, I am going to the shop.”
— Interrogative: “Are you going to go to work?

Бұл материалды [Form]бөлімінен қайта қарап шық.Материалды қолдану нұсқаулығы көрсетілген [Example]бөліміне назар аудар.

Exercises

External link to Be going to exercises (39).




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