Unit 11.1

Осы шақтағы Wh-сұрақтар



Wh- questions always begin with one of the wh- question words (interrogative pronouns), which show what kind of information is wanted.

The wh- questions in the present tense are used to ask for information in the present.


To create a wh- question, we place an auxiliary or a modal verb after the wh- question word and before a subject.

In the present tense (both simple and continuous), we use the present forms of the auxiliary and modal verbs.

The structure of wh- questions in present form is:

  • With an auxiliary verb:
    Wh- question word + auxiliary verb (present form) + subject + verb + …?
  • With a modal verb:
    Wh- question word + modal verb (present form) + subject + verb + …?
  • Without an auxiliary verb:
    What/who + verb (third person singular) + …?
    Which/whose + noun + verb (third person singular/plural) + …?

The wh- question words are: whenwherewhywhichwhatwhosewhowhom and how.


  1. When does she read a magazine?
  2. Where do you buy bread?
  3. Why have you got 5 cars?
  4. Which house is yours?
  5. What can I do now?
  6. Whose computer is this?
  7. Who speaks German in our group?
  8. Whom does he like?
  9. How old are you?


The wh- words that are used to make questions are:

  1. When (to ask for information about time);
  2. Where (to ask for information about place);
  3. Why (to ask for a reason);
  4. Which (to ask for information about a preference between two or more things);
  5. What (to ask for information about something);
  6. Whose (to ask for information about who something belongs to);
  7. Who (to ask for information about people, as a subject);
  8. Whom (to ask for information about people, as an object);
  9. How* (to ask for information about the way something is done, the way something happens).

These questions are also called open questions because the possible answers to them are infinite.

*How does not start with wh-, but it is also considered to be a wh- question.


Wh-questions start with one of the wh- question words: what, when, where, which, who, whom, whose, why and how.

The wh- question words introduce the questions.

For example:
— “Where is the toilet?” = Where ашық сұрақ тудырып тұр, себебі нешетүрлі жауап беруге болады.
♦ “Is there a toilet?” = Ия/жоқ сұрақтар ия немесе жоқ деген қысқа жауапты талап етеді,сондықтан жабық сұрақ деп аталады

ЕСКЕРТУ:  (be/have) көмекші етістігі немесе  (can/could/would) модаль етістігі wh-сұрақтан кейін және бастауыштың алдында келеді.

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