Unit 7.1

Глагол be going to

Verb Phrase

Be going to — это форма глагола, которая относится к будущему времени.

Утвердительная форма

Формула в утвердительной [affirmative] форме:
Subject + to be + going to + verb + …

  • Краткая форма утвердительной формы совпадает с краткой формой to be: I’m – you’re – he’s…
Subject To Be going to Verb
I am going to work
You are going to work
He is going to work
She is going to work
It is going to work
We are going to work
You are going to work
They are going to work

Отрицательная форма

Формула в отрицательной [negative] форме:
Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …

  • Краткая форма отрицательной формы совпадает с краткой формой to be: I’m not – you’re not/you aren’t – he’s not/he isn’t…
Subject To Be + not going to Verb
I am not going to work
You are not going to work
He is not going to work
She is not going to work
It is not going to work
We are not going to work
You are not going to work
They are not going to work

Вопросительная форма

Формула в вопросительной [interrogative] форме:
To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

To Be Subject going to Verb Question
Mark
Am I going to work ?
Are you going to work ?
Is he going to work ?
Is she going to work ?
Is it going to work ?
Are we going to work ?
Are you going to work ?
Are they going to work ?

Утвердительная форма

  • I am going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is going to be the boss.
  • We are going to visit your company today.

Отрицательная форма

  • I am not going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is not going to be the boss.
  • We are not going to visit your company today.

Вопросительная форма

  • Am I going to the shop this weekend?
  • Is he going to be the boss when he grows up?
  • Are we going to visit your company today?

To be going to используется, чтобы выразить намерения и планы на будущее.

ПРИМЕЧАНИЕ: Вместо going to в неформальном контексте можно использовать gonna.

Be going to используется для высказывания намерений и планов на будущее.

  • Утвердительно: Subject + to be + going to + verb + …
  • Отрицатель: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …
  • Вопросительно: To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

Например:
— Утвердительно: “am going to go to work.”
— Отрицательно: “am not going to go to work, I am going to the shop.”
— Вопросительно: “Are you going to work?

Пересмотри этот материал в разделе [Form]. Обрати внимание на раздел [Example], в котором показано использование этого учебного материала в контексте.

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