Unit 7.1

Be going to

Verb Phrase

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Introduction

Be going to ir izteiciens, kas attiecas uz nākotni.

Form

Apgalvojuma

Izmantojamā formula apgalvojuma [affirmative] formā:
Subject + to be + going to + verb + …

  • Saīsinātā forma apgalvojuma formā ir tāda paša kā saīsinātā formula darbības vārdam to be: I’m – you’re – he’s…
SubjectTo Begoing toVerb
Iamgoing towork
Youaregoing towork
Heisgoing towork
Sheisgoing towork
Itisgoing towork
Wearegoing towork
Youaregoing towork
Theyaregoing towork

Nolieguma

Izmantojamā formula nolieguma [negative] formā:
Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …

  • Saīsinātā forma nolieguma formā ir tāda paša kā saīsinātā formula darbības vārdam to be: I’m not – you’re not/you aren’t – he’s not/he isn’t…
SubjectTo Be + notgoing toVerb
Iam notgoing towork
Youare notgoing towork
Heis notgoing towork
Sheis notgoing towork
Itis notgoing towork
Weare notgoing towork
Youare notgoing towork
Theyare notgoing towork

Jautājuma

Izmantojamā formula jautājuma [interrogative] formā:
To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

To BeSubjectgoing toVerbQuestion
Mark
AmIgoing towork?
Areyougoing towork?
Ishegoing towork?
Isshegoing towork?
Isitgoing towork?
Arewegoing towork?
Areyougoing towork?
Aretheygoing towork?

Example

Apgalvojumi

  • I am going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is going to be the boss.
  • We are going to visit your company today.

Noliegumi

  • I am not going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is not going to be the boss.
  • We are not going to visit your company today.

Jautājumi

  • Am I going to the shop this weekend?
  • Is he going to be the boss when he grows up?
  • Are we going to visit your company today?

Use

Be going to izmanto, ja vēlas runāt par nodomiem un nākotnes plāniem.

PIEZĪME: Going to vietā neformālajos izteicienos var izmantot gonna.

Summary

Be going to attiecas uz nopietniem nodomiem un nākotnes plāniem.

  • Apgalvojumiem: Subject + to be + going to + verb + …
  • Noliegumiem: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …
  • Jautājumiem: To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

Piemēram:
— Apgalvojums: “I am going to go to work.”
— Noliegums: “I am not going to go to work, I am going to the shop.”
— Jautājums: “Are you going to work?

Atkārto šo mācību materiālu, izlasot {Form} nodaļu. Apskati {Example} nodaļu, kurā parādīta šī materiāla praktiska izmantošana kontekstā.

Exercise

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English Grammar A1 Level for Latvian speakers Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.

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