Unit 7.1



Be going to

Verb Phrase

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Introduction

Be going to es una estructura que hace referencia al futuro.

Form

Affirmative

Su estructura, en la forma afirmativa, es:
Subject + to be + going to + verb + …

  • La forma abreviada del afirmativo es igual que la forma abreviada de to be: I’m – you’re – he’s…
SUBJECT TO BE GOING TO VERB
I am going to work
You are going to work
He is going to work
She is going to work
It is going to work
We are going to work
You are going to work
They are going to work

Negative

Su estructura, en la forma negativa:
Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …

  • La forma abreviada del negativo es igual que la forma abreviada de to be: I’m not – you’re not/you aren’t – he’s not/he isn’t…
Subject To Be + not going to Verb
I am not going to work
You are not going to work
He is not going to work
She is not going to work
It is not going to work
We are not going to work
You are not going to work
They are not going to work

Interrogative

Su estructura, en la forma interrogativa, es:
To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

To Be Subject going to Verb Question
Mark
Am I going to work ?
Are you going to work ?
Is he going to work ?
Is she going to work ?
Is it going to work ?
Are we going to work ?
Are you going to work ?
Are they going to work ?

Example

Afirmativo

  • am going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is going to be the boss.
  • We are going to visit your company today.

Negativo

  • am not going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is not going to be the boss.
  • We are not going to visit your company today.

Interrogativo

  • Am I going to the shop this weekend?
  • Is he going to be the boss when he grows up?
  • Are we going to visit your company today?

Use

Usamos be going to cuando queremos expresar intenciones y planes para el futuro.

NOTA: Podemos usar gonna en vez de going to en contextos informales.

Summary

Be going to hace referencia a intenciones fuertes y planes para el futuro.

Se puede usar en formas distintas:

  • Afirmativo: Empezamos con el sujeto seguido por to be seguido por going to y el verbo. Subject + to be + going to + verb + …
  • Negativo: Empezamos con el sujeto seguido por to be not seguido por going to y el verbo. Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …
  • Interrogativo: Empezamos to be seguido por el sujeto seguido por going to y el verbo (la oración termina con un signo de interrogación). To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

Por ejemplo:
— Afirmativo: «I am going to go to work
— Negativo: «I am not going to go to work, I am going to the shop
— Interrogativo: «Are you going to work?»

Vamos a revisar el contenido de la sección {Form}. Echa un vistazo a la sección {Example} que muestra su uso en el contexto de una oración.

Exercises


External link to Be going to exercises (39).




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English Grammar A1 Level for Spanish speakers Copyright © 2018 por books4languages. Todos los derechos reservados.

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