Unit 0

Pronombres Personales de Sujeto


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Introduction

Los pronombres [pronouns] son palabras utilizadas para evitar repeticiones de sustantivos.

Los pronombres personales de sujeto [subject pronouns] reemplazan un sujeto que es una persona o una cosa en una oración.

Form

Distinguimos los pronombres personales de sujeto dependiendo del número (singular, plural) y género (masculino, femenino, neutro).

Los pronombres personales de sujeto se usan antes de los verbos en la oración.

Subject Person Number Gender
I 1st person sing.
You 2nd person sing.
He 3rd person sing. masculine
She 3rd person sing. feminine
It 3rd person sing. neutral*
We 1st person plur.
You 2nd person plur.
They 3rd person plur.

* (objeto/animal)

Example

  1. Sujeto del verbo
    • I am fast.
    • You are pretty.
    • He is short.
    • She is beautiful.
    • It is big.
    • We are young.
    • You are athletes.
    • They are fat.
  2. Para reemplazar el sujeto de la frase nominal y evitar repeticiones.
    • [n/a]*
    • Andy, take off that hat, you look funny.
    • John is tall and he is also thin.
    • Maria is from Spain, she is Spanish.
    • I like the color red, it is passionate.
    • Julia and I come from France, we are French.
    • You and Peter always talk, you are really talkative.
    • John and Maria are fat, they eat a lot.

*No aplicable a la primera persona del singular.

Use

Los pronombres personales de sujeto se usan:

  • Como el sujeto del verbo;
  • Para reemplazar el sujeto de la frase nominal y evitar repeticiones.

Summary

Los pronombres personales de sujeto [subject pronouns] se usan como sujeto del verbo, o para reemplazar un sujeto de una frase nominal, que se ha mencionado anteriormente, y evitar repeticiones.

Se diferencian en género y número y se colocan antes de los verbos.

Los pronombres personales de sujeto son: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they.

Por ejemplo:
— “I am tall.” = I se refiere al hablante.
— “He is tall.” = He se refiere a un chico específico.
— “They are tall.” = They se refiere a algunas personas específicas.

NOTA: Si quieres usar los pronombres personales de sujeto como sustitutos, no es posible hacerlo con la primera persona del singular (I).

Vamos a revisar el contenido de la sección {Form}. Echa un vistazo a la sección {Example} que muestra su uso en el contexto de una oración.

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