Unit 0

Subject Pronouns


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Introduction

Pronouns are words used to avoid repetitions of a noun.

Subject pronouns replace a subject which is a person or a thing in a sentence.

Form

We distinguish subject pronouns depending on number (singular, plural) and gender (masculine, feminine, neutral).

Subject pronouns are used before verbs in the sentence.

Person Number Gender Subject
1st person sing. I
2nd person sing. You
3rd person sing. masculine He
3rd person sing. feminine She
3rd person sing. neutral* It
1st person plur.  – We
2nd person plur.  – You
3rd person plur.  – They

* (object/animal)

Example

  • I am fast.
  • You are pretty.
  • John is tall and he is also thin.
  • Maria is from Spain, she is Spanish.
  • I live in London, it is a beautiful city. 
  • We are young.
  • You are really talkative.
  • John and Maria are fat, they eat a lot.

Use

We use subject pronouns:

  • as the subject of the verb;
  • to replace the noun phrase subject and avoid repetitions.

Summary

Subject pronouns are used as the subject of the verb, or to replace a noun phrase subject, which has been previously mentioned, and avoid repetitions.

They differ in gender and number, and are placed before verbs.

Subject pronouns are: I, you, he, she, it, we, you and they.

For example:
— “I am tall.” = I refers to the speaker.
— “He is tall.” = He refers to the one specific boy.
— “They are tall.” = They refers to some specific people.

NOTE: If you want to use subject pronouns as a replacement, it is not possible to do so with the first person singular (I).

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context sentence.

Review examples

  • Peter read a book. – The subject is Peter. / He read a book. – The subject is He.
  • The fish is big. – The subject is fish.

Exercises

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