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Unit 6.2

Past Simple of To be

Verbs

The verb to be is essential in grammar. It is an auxiliary verb and it is one of the irregular verbs.

To express situations that occurred in the past and have now concluded, we use the past tense of the verb.

The verb to be is one of the verbs with an irregular past form.

Affirmative

SUBJECTTO BE
Iwas
Youwere
Hewas
Shewas
Itwas
Wewere
Youwere
Theywere

Negative

SUBJECTTO BE + NEGATIONSHORT FORM
Iwas notwasn’t
Youwere notweren’t
Hewas notwasn’t
Shewas notwasn’t
Itwas notwasn’t
Wewere notweren’t
Youwere notweren’t
Theywere notweren’t

Interrogative

TO BESUBJECTQUESTION MARK
WasI?
Wereyou?
Washe?
Wasshe?
Wasit?
Werewe?
Wereyou?
Werethey?

Affirmative

  • I was a good boss.
  • He was here 2 minutes ago.
  • We were in Portugal in 2012.

Negative

  • I wasn’t a good boss.
  • He wasn’t here 2 minutes ago.
  • We weren’t in Portugal in 2012.

Interrogative

  • Was I a good boss?
  • Was he here 2 minutes ago?
  • Were you in Portugal in 2012?

The past simple of to be is used as a linking word between the subject and a complement or adjective. It provides further information about the subject itself in the past.

We use the past simple to express situations that occurred in the past and have now concluded. The verb to be has an irregular past form.

  • Affirmative: (I) was, (you) were, (he/she/it) was, (we/you/they) were;
  • Negative: (I) was not, (you) were not, (he/she/it) was not, (we/you/they) were not;
  • Interrogative: was (I…?), were (you…?), was (he/she/it…?), were (we/you/they…?).

For example:
— Affirmative: “The sugar was enough for the cake.
— Negative: “The sugar wasn’t enough for the cake.
— Interrogative: “Was the sugar enough for the cake?

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

License

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