Unit 6.1



To be Fiilinin Geçmiş Zaman Hali

Verbs

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Introduction

To Be fiili gramerin temel taşlarından bir tanesidir. Yardımcı eylem olarak görev yapar ve düzensiz[irregular] fiillerden bir tanesidir.

Geçmişte olup bitmiş eylemlerden bahsetmek için fiilin Geçmiş Zaman [past tense] hali kullanılır.

Form

To be fiilinin Geçmiş Zaman çekimi düzensizdir.

Olumlu

Subject To Be
I was
You were
He was
She was
It was
We were
You were
They were

Olumsuz

Subject To Be + not Short form
I was not wasn’t
You were not weren’t
He was not wasn’t
She was not wasn’t
It was not wasn’t
We were not weren’t
You were not weren’t
They were not weren’t

Soru

To Be Subject Question Mark
Was I ?
Were you ?
Was he ?
Was she ?
Was it ?
Were we ?
Were you ?
Were they ?

Example

Olumlu

  • I was a good boss.
  • He was here 2 minutes ago.
  • We were in Portugal in 2012.

Olumsuz

  • I wasn’t a good boss.
  • He wasn’t here 2 minutes ago.
  • We weren’t in Portugal in 2012.

Soru

  • Was I a good boss?
  • Was he here 2 minutes ago?
  • Were you in Portugal in 2012?

Use

To be fiilinin Geçmiş Zaman hali özne ve nesne arasında bağlayıcıdır. Özne hakkında daha ayrıntılı bilgi sağlar.

Summary

Geçmiş Zaman [past tense] formunu geçmişte yaşanan ve sonuçlanan olaylardan bahsederken kullanırız.  To be, Geçmiş Zamanda düzensiz [irregular] olur.

  • Olumlu: (I) was, (you) were, (he/she/it) was, (we/you/they) were;
  • Olumsuz: (I) was not, (you) were not, (he/she/it) was not, (we/you/they) were not;
  • Soru: was (I…?), were (you…?), was (he/she/it…?), were (we/you/they…?).

Örnek:
—Olumlu: “The sugar was enough for the cake.”
—Olumsuz: “The sugar wasn’t enough for the cake.”
—Soru: “Was the sugar enough for the cake?

[Form] bölümüne bakarak bu bağlamda gramerin nasıl kullanıldığına bakabilirsiniz. [Example] bölümünde ise konuyla ilgili örneklere ulaşabilirsiniz.

Exercise

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English Grammar A1 Level for Turkish speakers Copyright © 2018 tarafından books4languages. Tüm hakları saklıdır.

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