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Unit 10.2

Like

Verbs

Like, as a verb, is used to express things we enjoy and take pleasure in.

We usually find this structure in its three forms:

Affirmative

The structure, in its affirmative form, is:
Subject + like/likes + [verb + ing]/noun + …

  • Like/likes: in the affirmative form, the third person singular changes from like to likes.
SUBJ.LIKEVERB+ING/NOUN
Ilikeworking/pizza
Youlikeworking/pizza
Helikesworking/pizza
Shelikesworking/pizza
Itlikesworking/pizza
Welikeworking/pizza
Youlikeworking/pizza
Theylikeworking/pizza

Negative

The  structure, in its negative form, is:
Subject + do/does + not + like + [verb + ing]/noun + …

  • Do/does: in the negative form, the third person singular changes from do to does;
  • Short form of the negative form is the same as the short form of present simple: I don’t – he doesn’t…
SUBJ.NEGATIONLIKEVERB+ING/NOUN
Ido notlikeworking/pizza
Youdo notlikeworking/pizza
Hedoes notlikeworking/pizza
Shedoes notlikeworking/pizza
Itdoes notlikeworking/pizza
Wedo notlikeworking/pizza
Youdo notlikeworking/pizza
Theydo notlikeworking/pizza

Interrogative

The structure, in its interrogative form, is:
Do/does + subject + like + [verb + ing]/noun + …?

  • Do/does: in the interrogative form, the third person singular changes from do to does.
DOSUBJ.LIKEVERB+ING/NOUNQUESTION MARK
DoIlikeworking/pizza?
Doyoulikeworking/pizza?
Doeshelikeworking/pizza?
Doesshelikeworking/pizza?
Doesitlikeworking/pizza?
Dowelikeworking/pizza?
Doyoulikeworking/pizza?
Dotheylikeworking/pizza?

Affirmative

  • I really like cooking.
  • He likes sports.
  • We like going out at weekends.

Negative

  • I don’t like cooking.
  • He doesn’t like sports.
  • We don’t like going out at weekends.

Interrogative

  • Do I like cooking?
  • Does he like sports?
  • Do we like going out at weekends?

Like is used when we want to express enjoyment of doing something.

The verb like is used to express the idea of enjoying something. We use different structures, depending on the form of the verb that we need to use.

The structures are:

  • Affirmative: Subject + like/likes + [verb + ing]/noun + … (likes for the third person singular);
  • Negative: Subject + do/does + not + like + [verb + ing]/noun + … (does for the third person singular);
  • Interrogative: Do/does + subject + like + [verb + ing]/noun + …? (does for the third person singular).

For example:
— Affirmative: “I like drinking tea.
— Negative: “I don’t like drinking tea.
— Interrogative: “Do you like drinking tea?

NOTE: There is a significant difference in meaning between like and would like. Would like is used to express our requests or offers more politely.

For example:
— “I like sport.” = We use like to express that the subject enjoys doing sports.
♦ “would like to do some sport.” = We use would like to express the subject’s desire to do some sport.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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