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Unit 4.2

Have and Have got Negative

Verbs

Have/have got is a verb used to express states like possession, relationship, illnesses and the characteristics of people and things.

When expressed in its negative form, the verb denies something about the subject.

The present simple tenses of have and have got are:

To have

Its structure, in the negative form, is:
Subject + [do/does + not] + have + object + …

  • Do/does: in the negative form, the third person singular changes from do to does.
SUBJECTNEGATIONTO HAVESHORT FORM
Ido nothavedon’t have
Youdo nothavedon’t have
Hedoes nothavedoesn’t have
Shedoes nothavedoesn’t have
Itdoes nothavedoesn’t have
Wedo nothavedon’t have
Youdo nothavedon’t have
Theydo nothavedon’t have

To have got

Its structure, in the negative form, is:
Subject + [have/has + not] got + object + …

  • Have/has: in the negative form, the third person singular changes from have to has.
SUBJECT[TO HAVE + NOT] GOTSHORT FORM
Ihave not gothaven’t got
Youhave not gothaven’t got
Hehas not gothasn’t got
Shehas not gothasn’t got
Ithas not gothasn’t got
Wehave not gothaven’t got
Youhave not gothaven’t got
Theyhave not gothaven’t got

To have

  • I don’t have lunch at 2 p.m.
  • She didn’t have two dogs; she doesn’t have two dogs; she won’t have two dogs.

To have got

  • I haven’t got lunch at 2 p.m.
  • She hadn’t got two dogs; she hasn’t got two dogs; she won’t have got two dogs.

Don’t have and haven’t got are used to deny that someone possesses someone/something. They are also used to express relationships, illnesses and characteristics of people and things. However they’re not completely interchangeable.

  • To have
    • Can be used to express actions;
    • Can be used to express past, present and future.
  • To have got
    • Cannot be used to express actions;
    • Can only be used to express the present.

Have and have got, in negative form, are used to deny states such as possessions, relationships, illnesses and characteristics of the subject. However, we cannot use one instead of the other.

Have can be used to express actions in the past, present and future. The structure is:
Subject + [do/does + not] + have + object + … (does for the third person singular)

Have got cannot be used to express actions and can only be used to express the present. The structure is:
Subject + [have/has + not] got + object + … (has for the third person singular)

For example:
— “I don’t have lunch at 2 p.m.” / “I haven’t got lunch at 2 p.m.” = We use have because it is an action.
— “I have not got a car.” = We use have got because it is the absence of possession of something.

NOTE: Have is also used as an auxiliary verb in certain tenses to talk about actions. If we are using have in this way, we do not need to use do or does. We cannot use have got for this. (“I have not done it.” / I have not got done it.).

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section.Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

License

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