Unit 6.2

El Infinitivo


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Introduction

El infinitivo [infinitive] es la forma básica de un verbo y lo usamos para formar otros tiempos verbales.

Form

Hay dos formas del infinitivo:

  • El infinitivo cero [zero infinitive] (o infinitivo sin to) consiste solo en la forma base o raíz del verbo (work).
  • El  to-infinitivo [to-infinitive] consiste en el uso de to y la y la forma base o raíz del verbo (to work).

Example

Zero infinitive

  • I can listen to music all day.
  • He can dance really well.
  • They can go to the circus.

To-infinitive

  • I asked him to teach me to read.
  • She loves to visit the cathedral.
  • We hope to find the information office.

Use

Usamos infinitivos ceroto-infinitives como base para la formación de otros tiempos verbales.

Summary

El infinitivo [infinitive] es la forma básica de un verbo. Podemos distinguirlo:

  • Infinitivo cero [zero infinitive]: raíz del verbo.
  • To-infinitivo [to-infinitive]: raíz del verbo precedida por to.

Por ejemplo:
— «She can play football
— «You love to play football

Vamos a revisar el contenido de la sección {Form}. Echa un vistazo a la sección {Example} que muestra su uso en el contexto de una oración.

Exercises

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