Unit 8.2

Comparativos y Superlativos Irregulares


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Introduction

Los comparativos [comparatives] se usan para comparar dos cosas, personas o acciones mientras que los superlativos [superlatives] expresan la superioridad de una cosa, persona o acción.

Hay algunos adjetivos y adverbios con comparativos y superlativos irregulares.

Form

Los comparativos y superlativos irregulares no siguen la norma general de formación, tenemos que aprenderlos de memoria. Los adjetivos [adjectives] y adverbios [adverbs] comparativos y superlativos irregulares más comunes son:

ADJETIVES ADEVERBS COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
bad (adj.) badly (adv.) worse the worst
little little less the least
much much more the most
good (adj.) well (adv.) better the best
far far farther/further the farthest/furthest

Example

Comparativo

  • Susan is a better assistant than her sister.
  • You have to go further to get to the lawyer’s office.
  • Peter is going to talk to him later about the house.

Superlativo

  • John is the best assistant in the office.
  • This is the furthest point I’ve ever reached in the agency!
  • They come the latest to the garage.

Use

Usamos los comparativos y superlativos irregulares de la misma manera que los regulares.

Summary

Con los adjectivos/adverbios [adjectives/adverbs] irregulares, no se pueden crear las formas comparativas [comparative] y superlativas [superlative] de la misma manera que los regulares y tienes que aprenderlos de memoria.

Los más comunes son:

  • Bad (adj.) – badly (adv.) ⇒ worse (comp.) – the worst (super.);
  • Good (adj.) – well (adv.) ⇒ better (comp.) – the best (super.).

Por ejemplo:
— Comparativo: “You can write a good CV.” ⇒ “You can write a better CV.” / “You can write a gooder CV.
— Superlativo: “You can write a good CV.” ⇒ “You can write the best CV.” / “You can write the goodest CV.

Vamos a revisar el contenido de la sección {Form}. Echa un vistazo a la sección {Example} que muestra su uso en el contexto de una oración.

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