Unit 8.2

Nepravilni primerniki in presežniki

Syntax - 2 minutes

Introduction

Primernike [comparatives] uporabljamo za primerjavo dveh stvari, ljudi ali dejanj, medtem ko presežniki [superlatives] izražajo superiornost ene stvari, človeka ali dejanja.

Nekateri pridevniki in prislovi tvorijo nepravilne primernike in presežnike.

Form

Nepravilni primerniki in presežniki ne sledijo splošnim pravilom tvorjenja. Najpogosteje rabljeni pridevniki in prislovi z nepravilnim primernikom in presežnikom so:

AdjectivesAdverbsComparativeSuperlative
bad (adj.)badly (adv.)worsethe worst
littlelittlelessthe least
muchmuchmorethe most
good (adj.)well (adv.)betterthe best
farfarfarther/furtherthe farthest/furthest

Example

Comparative

  • Susan is a better assistant than her sister.
  • You have to go further to get to the lawyer’s office.
  • Peter is going to talk to him later about the house.

Superlative

  • John is the best assistant in the office.
  • This is the furthest point I’ve ever reached in the agency!
  • They come the latest to the garage.

Use

Nepravilne primernike in presežnike uporabljamo na enak način kot pravilni primernik in presežnik.

Summary

Primernikov in presežnikov [comparatives and superlatives] z nepravilnimi pridevniki/prislovi ne moremo tvoriti na enak način kot s pravilnimi, zaradi česar se je nepravilne oblike potrebno naučiti na pamet. Najpogosteje rabljene so:

  • Bad (pridevnik) – badly (prislov) ⇒ worse (primernik) – the worst (presežnik);
  • Good (pridevnik) – well (prislov) ⇒ better (primernik) – the best (presežnik).

Na primer:
— Primernik: “You can write a good CV.” ⇒ “You can write a better CV.” / “You can write a gooder CV.
— Presežnik: “You can write a good CV.” ⇒ “You can write the best CV.” / “You can write the goodest CV.

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

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