Unit 5.2

Present continuous v vprašalni obliki


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Introduction

Present continuous [present continuous] (ali progresivni [progressive]), je čas, ki ga uporabljamo za situacije, ki trenutno potekajo (pred, med ali po trenutku govora).

Ko je v vprašalni obliki, ga uporabljamo za tvorjenje vprašanj o nečem, kar se trenutno dogaja.

Form

Present continuous ima v vprašalni obliki strukturo:
To be + subject + [verb + -ing] + …?

To be Subject Verb + -ing Question
Mark
Am I working ?
Are you working ?
Is he working ?
Is she working ?
Is it working ?
Are we working ?
Are you working ?
Are they working ?

{Za izjeme glej trdilno obliko pri present continuous}.

Example

  1. Trenutek govora
    • Am I eating an apple?
    • Is she watching TV at the moment?
    • Are we speaking?
  2. Začasne aktivnosti
    • Am I looking for a new shirt?
    • Is Paul working hard to buy new shoes?
    • Are we staying in this apartment for 3 weeks?
  3. Načrtovana dejanja
    • Am I leaving early tonight?
    • Is he going to the cinema on Friday evening?
    • Are we going on holiday at the end of this month?
  4. Spremembe in težnje
    • Am I getting happier and happier?
    • Is the world getting warmer?
    • Are we becoming better at volleyball?
  5. Doslednost dogodkov
    • Am I always watching the news?
    • Is he talking consistently?
    • Are they always having lunch at 14:00?

Use

Present continuous v vprašalni obliki uporabljamo, ko sprašujemo o

  1. Dejanjih, ki se dogajajo v času govora;
  2. Začasnih aktivnostih (ki se bodo v prihodnosti zaključile);
  3. Dejanjih, planiranih za prihodnost;
  4. Spremembah in težnjah;
  5. Doslednosti dogodkov.

Summary

Trajni sedanjik [present continuous] v vprašalni obliki uporabljamo za vprašanja o situacijah, ki potekajo v trenutku govora.

Struktura je:
To be + subject + [verb + -ing] + …?

Na primer:
— “Is he working on an important project today?” = Present continuous uporabljamo, ko sprašujemo o dejanju, ki poteka v času govora (v tistem trenutku).
♦ “Does he work on important projects?” = Present simple uporabljamo, ko sprašujemo o dejanju v sedanjosti, ki se ponavlja ali se vedno izvede.

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

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