Unit 5.2

Present Continuous Interrogative


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Introduction

Trajno sadašnje vrijeme [present continuous ili progressive] je glagolsko vrijeme koje opisuje radnju koja se odvija u trenutku govorenja (prije, tijekom i nakon).

Kada se koristi u upitnom obliku, glagol postavlja pitanje o radnji koja se odvija sada.

Form

Present continuous u upitnom obliku ima ovu strukturu:
To be + subject + [verb + -ing] + …?

To be Subject Verb + -ing Question
Mark
Am I working ?
Are you working ?
Is he working ?
Is she working ?
Is it working ?
Are we working ?
Are you working ?
Are they working ?

{Za iznimke vidi : Present Continous – affirmative}.

Example

  1. Radnja koja se odvija u trenutku govorenja
    • Am I eating an apple?
    • Is she watching TV at the moment?
    • Are we speaking?
  2. Privremene aktivnosti
    • Am I looking for a new shirt?
    • Is Paul working hard to buy new shoes?
    • Are we staying in this apartment for 3 weeks?
  3. Planirani događaji
    • Am I leaving early tonight?
    • Is he going to the cinema on Friday evening?
    • Are we going on holiday at the end of this month?
  4. Promjene i sklonosti
    • Am I getting happier and happier?
    • Is the world getting warmer?
    • Are we becoming better at volleyball?
  5. Radnja koja se ponavlja
    • Am I always watching the news?
    • Is he talking consistently?
    • Are they always having lunch at 14:00?

Use

Present simple u potvrdnom obliku, koristimo za potvrđivanje:

  1. Radnji koje se odvijaju u trenutku govorenja;
  2. Privremenih aktivnosti;
  3. Planiranih događaja;
  4. Promjena i sklonosti;
  5. Radnje koja se ponavlja.

Summary

Trajno sadašnje vrijeme [present continuous], u upitnom obliku, koristimo za postavljanje pitanja o radnjama koje se odvijaju u trenutku govorenja.

Struktura:
To be + subject + [verb + -ing] + …?

Naprimjer:
— “Is he working on an important project today?” = Koristimo present continuous za postavljanje pitanja o radnji koja se događa u trenutku govorenja.
♦ “Does he work on important projects?” = Koristimo present simple za postavljanje pitanja o radnji koja se redovito ponavlja u prezentu.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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