Unit 1.2

Present Simple Affirmative


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Introduction

Jednostavno sadašnje vrijeme [present simple] je glagolsko vrijeme koje se koristi za izricanje radnji koje se redovito događaju i stalno ponavljaju.

Kada se koristi u potvrdnom obliku, glagol potvrđuje nešto o subjektu.

Form

Present simple u potvrdnom obliku ima ovu strukturu:
Subject + verb + …

  • Za treće lice jednine dodajemo -s na kraju glagola. Iznimke:
    • Glagoli sa sufiksima -ch-s, -sh, -x, -z: dodajemo -es
      (watch ⇒ watcheskiss ⇒ kissescrush ⇒ crushestax ⇒ taxesbuzz ⇒ buzzes);
    • Glagoli koji završavaju na suglasnik + -y: mijenjamo -y u -i i dodajemo -es (cry ⇒ cries);
    • Nepravilni glagoli kao što su dogobe i have ne slijede ta pravila: do ⇒ does, go ⇒ goes, be ⇒ is, have ⇒ has.
Subject Verb
I work
You work
He works
She works
It works
We work
You work
They work

Example

  1. Planirana budućnost
    • I start my new job on the 17th of June.
    • The exam period ends on the 24th December.
    • Their friend arrives in a few days.
  2. Vozni redovi
    • The train leaves at 7 o’clock.
    • The match starts at 9 o’clock tomorrow.
    • My exams start at 10 o’clock tomorrow.
  3. Navike/rutine
    • I usually wake up at 8 o’clock.
    • He goes to the gym twice a week.
    • We go to good restaurants for lunch.
  4. Činjenice
    • The sun rises in the east.
    • The water boils at 100°C.
    • Tigers exist.
  5. Stalne situacije
    • I live in Brussels.
    • She works in a supermarket.
    • They play football.
  6. Obećanja
    • I promise to buy you a new mobile phone.
    • He swears he’ll go to the doctor.
    • Promise me you’ll give me your phone number.
  7. Instrukcije
    • You go straight and you turn left.
    • You restart your mobile phone.
    • You go upstairs and through the second door on the left.
  8. Dovršene radnje koje se događaju u trenutku kad govorimo
    • The brigades disappear into the crowd.
    • The police catch the thief.
    • Real Madrid recovers from two goals down.
  9. Neformalno pripovijedanje
    • The Beast transforms into a prince.
    • Snow White falls asleep.
    • Little Red Riding-Hood meets the wolf.

Use

Present simple u potvrdnom obliku koristimo za potvrđivanje:

  1. Budućih događaja (planova s već određenim datumom);
  2. Voznih redova (planiranih događaja s točnim
  3. Navika/rutina (nešto što se događa u više navrata u ovom trenutku);
  4. Činjenica (stvari koje su istinite, navedene);
  5. Stalnih situacija (koje se trenutno odvijaju i koje će se dogoditi u budućnosti);
  6. Obećanja;
  7. Uputa (narudžba);
  8. Završenih radnji u trenutku pripovijedanja (komentari);
  9. Neformalnog pripovijedanja (kod pričanje priča).

Summary

Jednostavno sadašnje vrijeme [present simple] u potvrdnom obliku koristimo za potvrđivanje događaja koji se pojavljuju stalno i redovito.

Struktura:
Subject + verb + … (-s za treće lice jednine)

Naprimjer:
— “I work on important projects.” =
— “She works on important projects.” =

Postoje iznimke u strukturi trećeg lica jednine ovisno o završetku glagola.

Naprimjer:
— Sufiksi: -ch-s-sh-x-z: “Catch” ⇒ “Catches” = Dodajemo -es.
Suglasnik + -y: “Try” ⇒ “Tries” = Mijenjamo -y u -i i dodajemo -es.
— Nepravilni glagoli: do ⇒ doesgo ⇒ goesbe ⇒ ishave ⇒ has

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

Exercises

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Translations


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