Unit 5.1

Can: Modals of Ability


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Introduction

Modalni glagol [modal verb] je vrsta pomoćnog glagola koji sam nema značenje, ali može oblikovati glavni glagol tako da mu mijenja značenje i daje više informacija o njegovoj radnji.

Glagol can je modalni glagol koji se koristi za izricanje sposobnosti ili prilika, mogućnosti ili nemogućnosti radnje ili događaja koji će se dogoditi te za traženje ili davanje dopuštenja.

Form

Modalni glagol can koristi se kao pomoćni glagol u tri oblika:

Affirmative

Struktura u potvrdnom obliku:
Subject + can + verb + …

Subject can Verb
I can work
You can work
He can work
She can work
It can work
We can work
You can work
They can work

Negative

Struktura u negativnom obliku:
Subject + cannot + verb + …

  • Skraćeni negativni oblik: can’t;
  • Can je izraz kojim se tvori negativan oblik; piše se zajedno sa notcannot (can not je netočno).
Subject cannot Verb
I cannot work
You cannot work
He cannot work
She cannot work
It cannot work
We cannot work
You cannot work
They cannot work

Interrogative

Struktura u upitnom obliku:
Can + subject + verb + …?

Can Subject Verb Question Mark
Can I work ?
Can you work ?
Can he work ?
Can she work ?
Can it work ?
Can we work ?
Can you work ?
Can they work ?

Example

  1. Sposobnost
    • She can play the piano.
    • She cannot play the piano.
    • Can she play the piano?
  2. Ponuda
    • Can we help you and your husband?
  3. Zahtjev
    • Can you open the window, please?
  4. Mogućnost
    • My wife can go to Milan this summer.
  5. Prilika
    • We can stay at his place for a week!
  6. Dopuštenje
    • My children can stay at the party.
    • My children cannot stay at the party.
  7. Prigovor
    • Can’t you just tell him your marital status?
  8. Činjenica
    • Parks can be dangerous.

Use

Glagol can koristimo za izricanje:

  1. Sposobnosti: moći raditi/napraviti nešto;
  2. Ponuda: ponuditi nešto;
  3. Zahtjeva: zatražiti nešto;
  4. Mogućnosti: razgovor o mogućim situacijama;
  5. Prilika: izricanje prilika za napraviti nešto;
  6. Dopuštenja: traženje ili davanje dopuštenja;
  7. Prigovora: traženje od nekoga da napravi nešto;
  8. Činjenica: stvari koje su obično istinite.

Summary

Modalni glagol can opisuje sposobnosti, ponude, zahtjeve, mogućnosti, prilike, dopuštenja, prigovore i činjenice.

Strukture:

  • Potvrdni oblik: Subject + can + verb + …
  • Negativan oblik: Subject + cannot + verb + …
  • Upitni oblik: Can + subject + verb + …?

Naprimjer:
— Potvrdni oblik: She can play the piano.”
— Negativan oblik: “She can’t play the piano.”
— Upitni oblik: Can she play the piano?

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

Exercises

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