Unit 4.2

To have: Common Expressions


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Introduction

Glagol to have koristimo za tvorbu čestih izraza [common expressions] u razgovornom jeziku.

Form

Dok se have koristi kao glavni glagol u rečenici, have got se ne može koristiti u tim izrazima.

Česti izrazi, u potvrdnom obliku, imaju ovu strukturu:
Subject + have/has + object + …

  • Treće lice jednine mijenja se iz have u has.

Česti izrazi, u negativnom obliku, imaju ovu strukturu:
Subject + do/does + not + have + object + …

  • Treće lice jednine mijenja se iz do u does.
  • Zapamtite, have not ne možete koristiti u čestim izrazima.

Example

  1. I have a shower every morning.
    I don’t have a shower every morning.
  2. Have a good journey!
    Don’t have a good journey!
  3. We had* a fight.
    We didn’t have* a fight.
  4. She had a look at the book.
    She didn’t have a look at the book.

*Jednostavno prošlo vrijeme [Past simple].

Use

Upotreba i značenje glagola to have ovisi o imenici koja slijedi.

Najčešći izrazi s glagolom to have su:

  1. Have + breakfast, lunch, a meal, dinner, coffee, tea, a shower, a rest, a dream, a drink…;
  2. Have + a good day, a bad day, a good time, a bad time, a good journey, a nice day…;
  3. Have + a conversation, a talk, a fight…;
  4. Have + a look, a try

Summary

Glagol to have pojavljuje se u nekim čestim izrazima [common expressions] u neformalnom obliku komunikacije.

Najčešće se koriste: have breakfasthave a good dayhave a conversationhave a look

Struktura u potvrdnom obliku:
Subject + have/has + object + … (has za treće lice jednine)

Struktura u negativnom obliku:
Subject + do/does + not + have + object + … (does not za treće lice jednine)

Naprimjer:
— Potvrdni: “Have a rest.” / Have got a rest.“ = Have got se ne koristi u ovim izrazima.
— Negativan: “Don’t have a rest now.” / Have not a rest now.” = U negativnom obliku ne možemo koristiti have not.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

Exercise

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