Unit 4.2

Pogosti izrazi s to have

Verbs

Glagol to have uporabljamo za tvorjenje pogostih izrazov [common expressions] v neformalni komunikaciji.

Have uporabljamo kot glavni glagol v povedi, have got pa ne moremo uporabljati v tovrstnih izrazih.

Pogosti izrazi v trdilni obliki imajo ponavadi strukturo:
Subject + have/has + object + …

  • Tretja oseba ednine se spremeni iz have v has.

Pogosti izrazi v nikalni obliki imajo ponavadi strukturo:
Subject + do/does + not + have + object + …

  • Tretja oseba ednine se spremeni iz do v does.
  • Zapomnimo si, da se have not ne uporablja v pogostih izrazih.
  1. I have a shower every morning.
    I don’t have a shower every morning.
  2. Have a good journey!
    Don’t have a good journey!
  3. We had* a fight.
    We didn’t have* a fight.
  4. She had a look at the book.
    She didn’t have a look at the book.

(*Past simple)

 Uporaba in pomen glagola to have sta odvisna od samostalnika, ki mu sledi.

Najbolj običajni pogosti izrazi s to have so:

  1. Have + breakfast, lunch, a meal, dinner, coffee, tea, a shower, a rest, a dream, a drink…;
  2. Have + a good day, a bad day, a good time, a bad time, a good journey, a nice day…;
  3. Have + a conversation, a talk, a fight…;
  4. Have + a look, a try

Glagol to have se pojavlja v nekaterih pogostih izrazih v neformalni komunikaciji.

Najpogosteje rabljeni so: have breakfast, have a good day, have a conversation, have a look

Struktura v trdilni obliki je:
Subject + have/has + object + … (has v tretji osebi ednine)

Struktura v nikalni obliki je:
Subject + do/does + not + have + object + … (does not v tretji osebi ednine)

Na primer:
— Trdilna: “Have a rest.” / Have got a rest. = have got v teh izrazih ne uporabljamo.
— Nikalna: “Don’t have a rest now.” / Have not a rest now.” = V nikalni obliki ne moremo uporabiti have not.

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

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English Grammar A1 Level for Slovene speakers Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.

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