Unit 3.2

Quantitative determiners


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Introduction

Določniki [determiners] so povedna določila samostalnikom. Dajejo nam informacije o katerih in kolikih ljudeh, stvareh… govorimo.

Količinske določnike [quantitative determiners] ali kvantifikatorje [quantifiers] uporabljamo pri navajanju količine nečesa.

Form

Ni natančnih pravil glede tvorjenja quantitative determiners. Glavni so:

  • Za števne samostalnike: both, many, (a) few
  • Za neštevne samostalnike: somemuch, (a) little

Example

Števni samostalniki

  • There are shops on both sides of the street.
  • Not many people visit London every winter.
  • Were there only a few people at work?

Neštevni samostalniki

  • Some people like football and basketball.
  • We do not have much time.
  • How little sugar is left?

Use

Quantitative determiners uporabljamo s števnimi in neštevnimi samostalniki, da navedemo količino nečesa.

Števni samostalniki:

  • Both = Eden in drugi iz para;
  • Many = Velika količina ločenih predmetov;
  • (A) few = Majhna količina nečesa.

Neštevni samostalniki:

  • Some = Nedoločena, a znatna količina nečesa;
  • Much = Velika količina snovi;
  • (A) little = Majhna količina nečesa.

Summary

Količinske določnike [quantitative determiners] uporabljamo pri navajanju količine nečesa. Z različnimi samostalniki uporabljamo različne količinske določnike.

  • Števni samostalniki, ki se jih da enostavno prešteti s številkami, se lahko uporabljajo z določniki both, many in (a) few
  • Neštevni samostalniki, ki se jih ne da enostavno prešteti in, ki se jih dojema kot snov, se lahko uporabljajo z določniki some, much in (a) little

Na primer:
— Števni: “Can you buy a few coffees at the bar?” = skodelic kave.
— Neštevni: “Can you buy some coffee at the supermarket?” = kava v prahu.

Coffee je lahko tako števni kot neštevni samostalnik; razlika je v pomenu.

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

Exercises

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