Unit 1.1

Glagol to be v nikalni obliki


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Introduction

Glagol biti [to be] je pomožni glagol, ki je v slovnici nepogrešljiv.

Ko je v nikalni obliki, zanika nekaj glede osebka.

Form

To be je nepravilni glagol, ki ima v nikalni obliki strukturo:
Subject + to be + not + …

Subject To Be + not Short form*
I am not I’m not
You are not You’re not/You aren’t
He is not He’s not/He isn’t
She is not She’s not/She isn’t
It is not It’s not/It isn’t
We are not We’re not/We aren’t
You are not You’re not/You aren’t
They are not They’re not/They aren’t

*Kratko obliko uporabljamo v govorjenem jeziku ali v neformalnem pisanju.

Example

Glagol to be uporabljamo s:

  1.  Samostalniki
    • I am not a student.
    • He is not a lawyer.
    • We are not doctors.
  2.  Pridevniki
    • I am not tall.
    • He is not polite.
    • Many people are not happy.
  3.  Predložnimi zvezami (ali dopolnili)
    • My book is not on the bed.
    • Harry Potter is not on the TV.
    • The eggs are not in the box.

Glagol to be v nikalni obliki lahko uporabljamo tudi s kratkimi oblikami:

  • You aren’t 12 years old.
  • This coat isn’t $100.
  • Standard double beds aren’t 5 feet wide.

Use

Glagol to be ima zelo osnovno strukturo; ko ga uporabljamo kot povezovalno besedo med drugimi besednimi vrstami (osebki, samostalniki, pridevniki, dopolnili…), nam sporoča več podrobnosti o stanju osebka.

Glagol to be se uporablja s:

  1. Samostalniki;
  2. Pridevniki;
  3. Predložnimi zvezami (ali dopolnili).

Glagol to be se v nikalni obliki uporablja za zanikanje značilnosti osebka, kot so na primer: starost, obnašanje, barva, poklic, nacionalnosst, osebnost, kraj, kvaliteta, velikost, čas…

Summary

Glagol biti [to be] je eden od najpogosteje rabljenih pomožnih glagolov. Pogosto ga uporabljamo s samostalniki, pridevniki in predložnimi zvezami. V nikalni obliki zanika značilnosti osebka.

Struktura je:
Subject + to be + not + …

Nikalna oblika: (I) am not, (you) are not, (he/she/it) is not, (we/you/they) are not.

Na primer:
— “I am not tall.” = Am not uporabljamo v prvi osebi ednine.
— “He is not tall.” = Is not uporabljamo v tretji osebi ednine.
— “They are not tall.” = Are not uporabljamo v množini.

NOTE: Kratko obliko uporabljamo v govorjenem jeziku ali pri neformalnem pisanju.

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

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