Unit 10.1

Predmetni zaimki

Pronouns

Zaimki [pronouns] so besede, ki jih uporabljamo v izogib ponovitvam samostalnikov.

Predmetni zaimki [object pronouns] so zaimki, ki jih uporabljamo kot predmet glagola ali predloga, ali kot nadomestilo za predmete, v izogib ponavljanju.

Zaimki in predmetni zaimki imajo število (ednina, množina) in spol (moški, ženski, srednji).

Če so v povedi predlogi, postavimo predmetne zaimke za njimi.

Predmetni zaimki so:

Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns
I Me
You You
He Him
She Her
It It
We Us
You You
They Them

V neformalnih pogovorih jih lahko uporabljamo kot kratke odgovore.

  1. V izogib ponavljanju
    • I’m a very calm person but my brother always drives me mad.
    • My daughter is 7 years old. I take her to school every day.
    • They have 3 children. They take them to the park every weekend.
  2. Po predlogih
    • Don’t look at me!
    • This is for you.
    • I talk to them every day.

Predmetne zaimke uporabljamo:

  1. Da bi se izognili ponavljanju istega predmetnega zaimka ali samostalnika;
  2. V povedih po predlogih.

Predmetne zaimke [object pronouns] uporabljamo za izražanje tistega, na kar vpliva osebek, lahko pa tudi v izogib ponavljanju. Razlikujejo se po spolu in številu ter stojijo za glagoli.

Predmetni zaimki so: me, you, him, her, it, us, you in them.

Na primer:
— “My dogs get very happy when I take them to the park.” = Them se nanaša na my dogs.
— “I gave him a kiss for you.” = Him uporabljamo po predlogu namesto imena osebe.

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

License

English Grammar A1 Level for Slovene speakers Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.

Share This Book