Unit 2.1

Noun Gender


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Introduction

Imenice [nouns] se odnose na osobu, mjesto, stvar, događaj, tvar ili pojavu.

Imenice imaju tri roda [genders]: muški, ženski i srednji.

Form

Neke imenice mogu imati različite oblike rodova:

  • Muški, ženski i srednji rod;
  • Muški i ženski rod;
  • Srednji rod.
Masculine Femenine Neutral
boy girl child
father mother parent
husband wife spouse
man woman person
sir madame
son daughter
uncle aunt
dog
dolphin
table

*Neke neutralne imenice možemo razlikovati po rodu dodavanjem riječi ženski ili muški.

Obično koristimo he (muški rod) i she (ženski rod) za ljude, dok it (srednji rod) koristimo za stvari životinje (osim kod kućnih ljubimaca i domaćih životinja za koje se smatra da posjeduju određeni stupanj inteligencije te imaju osjećaje; gdje možemo koristiti he ili she).

Example

Imenice s muškim, ženskim i srednjim rodom:

  • Our boy likes football. He plays it every day.
  • Our girl likes football. She plays it every day.
  • Our child likes football. They* play it every day.

Imenice s muškim i ženskim rodom:

  • My uncle doesn’t eat meat. He is a vegetarian.
  • My aunt doesn’t eat meat. She is a vegetarian.

Imenice koje imaju samo srednji rod:

  • The table is 500 euros. It is expensive.
  • The dog is 10 kilos. It is heavy.
  • The female dog is 10 kilos. She is heavy.

*We can use they as a neutral third person singular pronoun when we don’t know or don’t want to reveal someone’s gender.

Use

Imenice u muškom i ženskom rodu koristimo za ljude, a u srednjem za stvari, životinje, događaje, tvari i pojave.

Summary

Imenice [nouns] imaju tri roda [genders]: muški, ženski i srednji. Obično koristimo he i she za ljude, dok se it koristi za stvari ili životinje (možemo upotrijebiti he ili she za domaće životinje). 

Naprimjer:
— “My father doesn’t eat meat. He is a vegetarian.” = He koristimo jer je imenica otac muškog roda.
— “My mother doesn’t eat meat. She is a vegetarian.” = She koristimo jer je imenica majka ženskog roda.
— “My parents don’t eat meat. They are vegetarian.” = They koristimo jer imenica roditelji podrazumijeva i muški i ženski rod (majka i otac).
— “The cat sleeps during the day. It is so cute.”/“The female cat sleeps during the day. She is so cute.” = Koristimo it ili she jer govorimo o domaćoj životinji ženskog roda.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

Exercises

External link to Noun Gender exercises (10).



More exercises

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