Unit 5.2

Present Continuous Affirmative


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Introduction

Trajno sadašnje vrijeme [present continuous ili progressive] je glagolsko vrijeme koje opisuje radnju koja se odvija u trenutku govorenja (prije, tijekom i nakon).

Kada se koristi u potvrdnom obliku, glagol potvrđuje da se radnja odvija sada.

Form

Present continuous u potvrdnom obliku ima ovu strukturu:
Subject + to be + [verb + -ing] + …

Regular

Tvorba glagola: verb + -ing.

Skraćeni potvrdni oblik jednak je skraćenom obliku glagola to be (u razgovornom jeziku i neformalnom pisanju): I’m – you’re – he’s…

Subject To be Verb + -ing
I am working
You are working
He is working
She is working
It is working
We are working
You are working
They are working

Exceptions

  • Glagoli sa sufiksom -e: gube-e i dodajemo -ing.
Infinitive Verb + -ing
write writing
smile smiling
take taking
  • Jednosložni glagoli koji završavaju sa suglasnikom prije kojeg je samoglasnik, glagoli s naglaskom na zadnjem slogu te glagoli sa sufiksom -ludvostručujemo suglasnik i dodajemo -ing.
Infinitive Verb + -ing
sit sitting
begin beginning
spill spilling
  • Glagoli sa sufiksom ie: gube -ie i dodajemo -ying
Infinitive Verb + -ing
die dying
lie lying
tie tying

Example

  1. Radnja koja se odvija u trenutku govorenja
    • I‘m eating an apple.
    • She is watching TV at the moment.
    • We are speaking.
  2. Privremene aktivnosti
    • I am looking for a new shirt.
    • Paul is working hard to buy new shoes.
    • We are staying in this apartment for 3 weeks.
  3. Planirani događaji
    • I am leaving early tonight.
    • He is going to the cinema on Friday evening.
    • We are going on holiday at the end of this month.
  4. Promjene i sklonosti
    • I am getting happier and happier.
    • The world is getting warmer.
    • We are becoming better at volleyball.
  5. Radnja koja se ponavlja
    • I’m always watching the news.
    • He is talking consistently.
    • They are always having lunch at 14:00.

Use

Present simple u potvrdnom obliku, koristimo za potvrđivanje:

  1. Radnji koje se odvijaju u trenutku govorenja;
  2. Privremenih aktivnosti;
  3. Planiranih događaja;
  4. Promjena i sklonosti;
  5. Radnje koja se ponavlja.

Summary

Trajno sadašnje vrijeme [present continuous], u potvrdnom obliku, koristimo za potvrđivanje radnje koja se odvija u trenutku govorenja.

Struktura:
Subject + to be + [verb + -ing] + …

Naprimjer:
— “He is working on an important project today.” = Koristimo present continuous jer opisujemo radnju koja se događa kad govorimo (u tom trenutku).
♦ “He works on important projects.” = Koristimo present simple jer opisujemo radnju koja se redovito ponavlja u prezentu.

Postoje iznimke u stvaranju ovisno o glagolu sufiksa.

Naprimjer:
— Sufiks -e: gubi -e i dodajemo -ing. “Shake” ⇒ “Shaking.”
— Jednosložni glagoli koji završavaju sa suglasnikom prije kojeg je samoglasnik, glagoli s naglaskom na zadnjem slogu te glagoli sa sufiksom -ludvostručujemo suglasnik i dodajemo -ing. “Put“ ⇒ “Putting.”
— Sufiks -ie: gubi -ie i dodajemo -ying“Tie ⇒ “Tying.”

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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