Unit 1.2

Present Simple Interrogative


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Introduction

Jednostavno sadašnje vrijeme [present simple] je glagolsko vrijeme koje se koristi za izricanje radnji koje se redovito događaju i stalno ponavljaju.

Kada se koristi u upitnom obliku, glagol postavlja pitanje o subjektu.

Form

Present simpleupitnom obliku ima ovu strukturu:
Do/does + subject + verb + …?

  • Do/does: treće lice jednine se mijenja iz do u does;
  • Glagol: osnovni oblik glagola ostaje isti (bez promjena);
  • Nepravilni oblik glagola biti: Am I…? – Are you…? – Is she…? …
Do/Does Subject Verb Question
Mark
Do I work ?
Do you work ?
Does he work ?
Does she work ?
Does it work ?
Do we work ?
Do you work ?
Do they work ?

Example

  1. Planirana budućnost
    • Do I start my new job on the 17th of June?
    • Does the exam period end on the 19th of December?
    • Does their daughter arrive in a few days?
  2.  Vozni redovi
    • Does the train leave at 7 o’ clock?
    • Does the match start at 9 o’ clock tomorrow?
    • Do my exams start at 10 o’clock tomorrow?
  3. Navike/rutine
    • Do you usually wake up at 8 o’clock?
    • Does he go to the gym twice a week?
    • Do we go to good restaurants for lunch?
  4.  Činjenice
    • Does the sun rise from the West?
    • Does the water boil at 80°C?
    • Do unicorns exist?
  5. Stalne situacije
    • Do I live in Brussels?
    • Does she work in a supermarket?
    • Do they play football?
  6. Obećanja
    • Do you promise to buy me a new phone?
    • Do you swear you’ll go to the doctor?
    • Do you promise me you’ll give me your phone number?
  7. Instrukcije
    • How do I get to the library?
    • Where do I go?
    • How do we get to the train station?
  8. Dovršene radnje koje se događaju u trenutku kad govorimo.
    • Do the brigades disappear?
    • Do the police catch the thief?
    • Does Real Madrid recover from two goals down?
  9. Neformalno pripovijedanje
    • Does the Beast transform into a prince?
    • Does Snow White fall asleep?
    • Does Little Red Riding-Hood meet the wolf?

Use

Present simple u upitnom obliku koristimo za postavljanje pitanja o:

  1. Budućim događajima (planovima s već određenim datumom);
  2. Voznim redovima (planiranim događajima s točnim vremenom);
  3. Navikama/rutinama (nešto što se događa u više navrata u< ovom trenutku);
  4. Činjenicama (stvari koje su istinite, navedene);
  5. Stalnim situacijama (koje se trenutno odvijaju i koje će se dogoditi u budućnosti);
  6. Obećanjima;
  7. Uputama (narudžbama);
  8. Završenim radnjama u trenutku pripovijedanja (komentarima);
  9. Neformalnim pripovijedanjima (kod pričanja priča).

Summary

Jednostavno sadašnje vrijeme [present simple] u upitnom obliku koristimo za postavljanje pitanja o događajima koji se pojavljuju stalno i redovito.

Struktura:
Do/does + subject + verb + …? (does za treće lice jednine)

Naprimjer:
— “Do you work on important projects?” =
— “Does she work on important projects?” =

NAPOMENA: Glagol biti je nepravilan glagol stoga ne prati opće pravilo tvorbe negativnih oblika. Kako bi formirali pitanje stavljamo ga na početak rečenice.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

Exercises

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Translations


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