Unit 1.2

Present Simple Interrogative

Introduction

The present simple is the tense used to express permanent situations or events that regularly repeat or always occur.

When expressed in its interrogative form, the verb is used to ask something about the subject.

Form

The simple present tense, in its interrogative form, has this structure:
Do/does + subject + verb + …?

  • Do/does: the third person singular changes from do to does;
  • Verb: the base form of the verb is the same (without any changes);
  • Irregular verb to be: Am I…? – Are you…? – Is she…? …
Do/Does Subject Verb Question
Mark
Do I work ?
Do you work ?
Does he work ?
Does she work ?
Does it work ?
Do we work ?
Do you work ?
Do they work ?

Example

  1. Does the bus stop here?
  2. Do monkeys eat bananas?
  3. Do you go to the cinema every weekend?
  4. Does Snow White eat the apple?
  5. Do you have any advice?
  6. Do you live in France?
  7. Does she start her new job on June 17?
  8. Do you promise to help me with my homework?
  9. Does the show start at 10 o’ clock?

Use

Present simple, in its interrogative form, is used to ask about:

  1. completed actions that happen as we speak (commentaries);
  2. facts (things that are generally true, stated);
  3. habits/routines (something that happens repeatedly in the present);
  4. informal narrative (when telling a story).
  5. instructions (orders);
  6. permanent situations (that have been happening for a while and will be happening in the future);
  7. planned future (planned events with a given exact date);
  8. promises;
  9. timetables (planned events with given exact time).

Summary

We use the present simple, in its interrogative form, to ask about situations that regularly, repeatedly or always occur.

When we use the present simple in its interrogative form, we start with do followed by the subject and the verb in its base form (the sentence ends with a question mark). In the third person singular, we use does.

For example:
— “Do you work on important projects?” = The sentence is in the present simple interrogative, so we start with do and we use the base form of the verb to work (work).
— “Does she work on important projects?” = The subject is she, so we start with does and we use the base form of the verb to work (work).

NOTE: The verb to be is irregular, so it doesn’t follow the general formation rule for the interrogative form. We put it at the beginning of the sentence to form questions.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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