Unit 8.2

Bentuk Tidak Beraturan Perbandingan Komparatif dan Superlatif


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Introduction

Bentuk komparatif [comparatives] digunakan untuk membandingkan dua benda, orang atau tindakan, sedangkan superlatif [superlatives] menunjukkan superioritas suatu benda, orang atau tindakan.

Beberapa kata sifat dan kata keterangan memiliki bentuk tidak beraturan untuk perbandingan komparatif dan superlatif [irregular comparatives and superlatives].

Form

Bentuk tidak beraturan perbandingan komparatif dan superlatif tidak mengikuti aturan bentuk umum. Adapun bentuk kata sifat dan kata keterangan tidak beraturan yang paling sering digunakan adalah:

Adjectives Adverbs Comparative Superlative
bad (adj.) badly (adv.) worse the worst
little little less the least
much much more the most
good (adj.) well (adv.) better the best
far far farther/further the farthest/furthest

Example

Komparatif

  • Susan is a better assistant than her sister.
  • You have to go farther to get to the lawyer’s office.
  • Peter is going to talk to him later about the house.

Superlatif

  • John is the best assistant in the office.
  • This is the furthest point I’ve ever reached in the agency!
  • They come the latest to the garage.

Use

Bentuk tidak beraturan komparatif dan superlatif digunakan secara sama seperti bentuk beraturan.

Summary

Format komparatif dan superlatif untuk kata sifat/kata keterangan yang tidak beraturan [comparatives and superlatives forms of irregular adjectives/adverbs] tidak dapat dibentuk secara sama seperti bentuk beraturan, oleh karena itu harus dihafalkan. Contoh kata yang paling sering digunakan adalah:

  • Bad (adj.) – badly (adv.) ⇒ worse (comp.) – the worst (super.);
  • Good (adj.) – well (adv.) ⇒ better (comp.) – the best (super.).

Contoh:
— Comparative: “You can write a good CV.” ⇒ “You can write a better CV.” / “You can write a gooder CV.
— Superlative: “You can write a good CV.” ⇒ “You can write the best CV.” / “You can write the goodest CV.

Revisi kembali pelajaran ini di bagian {Form}. Perhatikan bagian {Example} tentang cara penggunaannya dalam sebuah konteks kalimat.

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