Unit 5.1

Would: Kata Kerja Modal

Kata kerja modal [modal verb] adalah kata kerja yang tidak memiliki arti tersendiri, namun dapat mengubah kata kerja utama, mengganti arti kata tersebut dan memberikan informasi lanjut mengenai suatu tindakan.

Would termasuk kata kerja modal yang digunakan untuk mengekspresikan suatu kemauan di masa lampau, permintaan secara sopan, preferensi/keinginan, tawaran dan ajakan.

Kata would digunakan sebagai kata kerja modal dan memiliki tiga bentuk:

Afirmatif

Struktur dalam bentuk afirmatif adalah:
Subject + would + verb + …

  • Bentuk singkat dari would adalah ‘d.
Subject would Verb
I would work
You would work
He would work
She would work
It would work
We would work
You would work
They would work

Negatif

Struktur dalam bentuk negatif adalah:
Subject + would + not + verb + …

  • Bentuk singkat untuk format negatif adalah wouldn’t.
Subject would + not Verb
I would not work
You would not work
He would not work
She would not work
It would not work
We would not work
You would not work
They would not work

Interogatif

Struktur dalam bentuk interogatif adalah:
Would + subject + verb + …?

Would Subject Verb Question Mark
Would I work ?
Would you work ?
Would he work ?
Would she work ?
Would it work ?
Would we work ?
Would you work ?
Would they work ?
  1. Kemauan di masa lampau
    • She would play the piano
    • She wouldn’t play the piano.
    • Would she play the piano?
  2. Permintaan sopan
    • Wouldy ou open the window, please?
  3. Preferensi/keinginan
    • I would like to have some coffee. 
  4. Tawaran dan ajakan
    • Would you come to my party?

Kita menggunakan would untuk mengekspresikan:

  1. Kemauan di masa lampau: kesediaan melakukan sesuatu di waktu yang lalu;
  2. Permintaan sopan: untuk meminta secara sopan;
  3. Preferensi/keinginan: untuk membicarakan preferensi atau keinginan;
  4. Tawaran dan undangan: untuk menawarkan sesuatu atau mengundang seseorang.

Kata kerja modal [modal verb] would mengekspresikan kemauan di masa lampau, permintaan sopan, preferensi/keinginan, tawaran dan ajakan.

Strukturnya adalah:

  • Afirmatif: Subject + would + verb + …
  • Negatif: Subject + would + not + verb + …
  • Interogatif: Would + subject + verb + …?

Contoh:
— Afirmatif: “She would play the piano.”
— Negatif: “She wouldn’t play the piano.”
— Interogatif: “Would she play the piano?

CATATAN: Penulisannya selalu sama, termasuk untuk orang ketiga tunggal.

Revisi kembali pelajaran ini di bagian {Form}. Perhatikan bagian{Example} tentang cara penggunaannya dalam sebuah konteks kalimat.

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English Grammar A1 Level for Indonesian speakers Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.

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