Would: Gaitasun aditz modalak

Introduction

Aditz modal bat aditz laguntzaile mota bat da (laguntza), bakarrik zentzurik ez duena baina aditz nagusia aldatzen duena, esanahia aldatzen duena eta ekintzari buruzko xehetasun gehiego ematen dituena.

Would hitza aditz modala da iraganean gogoa, eskaera formalak, lehentasunak/desioak, eskaintzak eta gonbidapenak adierazteko.

Form

Would aditz modala aditz laguntzaile moduan hiru formetan erabili daiteke:

Affirmative

Baiezko forman, hurrengo egitura dauka:
Subject + would + verb + …

  • Would baiezkoaren forma laburtua  ‘d da.
Subject would Verb
I would work
You would work
He would work
She would work
It would work
We would work
You would work
They would work

Negative

Ezezko forman, hurrengo egitura dauka:
Subject + would + not + verb + …

  • Ezezkoaren forma laburtua wouldn’t da.
Subject would + not Verb
I would not work
You would not work
He would not work
She would not work
It would not work
We would not work
You would not work
They would not work

Interrogative

Galdera forman, hurrengo egitura dauka:
Would + subject + verb + …?

Would Subject Verb Question Mark
Would I work ?
Would you work ?
Would he work ?
Would she work ?
Would it work ?
Would we work ?
Would you work ?
Would they work ?

Example

  1. Eskaintzak eta gonbidapenak
    • Would you like to come to my cousin’s party?
  2. Eskaera formala
    • Would you open the window, pleaseIt’s hot today.
  3. Lehentasunak/desioak
    • I would like to have some coffee.
  4. Iraganean gogoa
    • She would stay with her Grandma during the summer. 
    • She wouldn’t stay in the city during summer.
    • Would she stay in the countryside during summer?

Use

Would erabiltzen dugu hurrengoa adierazteko:

  1. Eskaintzak eta gonbidapenak: eskaintza bat egiteko edo norbait gonbidatzeko;
  2. Eskaera formala: eskaera formalak egiteko;
  3. Lehentasunak/desioak: lehentasun edo desioei buruz hitz egiteko;
  4. Iraganean gogoa: iraganean zerbait egin ahal izana adierazteko.

Summary

Would hitza aditz modala da iraganean gogoa, eskaera formalak, lehentasunak/desioak, eskaintzak eta gonbidapenak adierazteko.

Forma ezberdinetan erabili daiteke:

  • Baiezko: Subjektuarekin hasten gara eta woul eta aditza ondoren.
  • Ezezko: Subjektuarekin hasten gara eta would not eta aditza ondoren.
  • Galdera: Would-ekin hastan gara eta subjektua eta aditza ondoren (esaldia galdera marka batekin amaitzen da).

Adibidez:
— Affirmative: “She would play the piano.”
— Negative: “She wouldn’t play the piano.”
— Interrogative: “Would she play the piano?

OHARRA: Forma berdina dauka beti hirugarren pertsona singularrerako eta guzti.

Berrikusi dezagun {Form} atalaren edukia. Begira ezazu erabilera {Examples} atalean testuinguru batean nola erabiltzen den ikusteko.

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License

English Grammar A1 Level for Euskera speakers Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.