Esaldi preposizionalak

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Introduction

Esaldi preposizionalak preposizio eta esaldiaren beste elementuen konbinazioaren ondorioa dira (substantiboak, izenordainak, gerundioak…).

Form

Esaldi preposizionalak preposizio eta esaldiaren beste elementuen (substantiboak, izenordainak, gerundioak…) konbinazioaren ondorioa dira. 

Esaldi preposizionalek hurrengo egitura daukate:

  • Preposizioak + substantiboak: at, on and under;
  • Preposizioak + izenordainak: from, to and with;
  • Preposizioak + gerundioak: afterbefore and without.

Example

Preposizioak + substantiboak

  • She works at home.
  • The meeting is at 7, I hope that she arrives on time.
  • The shop is under the bridge.

Preposizioak + izenordainak

  • I received the information from him.
  • I am telling this to everybody.
  • You can come to the supermarket with me.

Preposizioak + gerundioak

  • I always go to work after watching television.
  • I usually eat breakfast before going to school.
  • He left the house without listening to his mum.

Use

Esaldi preposizionalak era ezberdin askotan erabili daitezke:

  • Adjektibo moduan (Zein galderari erantzungo diogu [Which one?]);
  • Leku eta denbora adberbio moduan (Zelan? Noiz? edo Non? galderei erantzungo diegu [How? When? or Where?]);
  • Substantibo perpaus moduan;
  • Bi objektudun aditz moduan.

Summary

Esaldi preposizionalak preposizio eta esaldiaren beste elementu batzuen konbinazioa dira. Adjektibo, denbora edo leku adberbio, substantibo preposizio edo bi objektudun aditz modura erabiltzen ditugu.

Adibidez:
— Preposizioak substantiboekin: “I never arrive on time.”
— Preposizioak izenordainekin: “She took an interesting book with her.”
— Preposizioak gerundioekin: “Before buying some tomatoes we talked to the seller.”

Berrikusi dezagun {Form} atalaren edukia. Begira ezazu erabilera {Examples} atalean testuinguru batean nola erabiltzen den ikusteko.

Exercises

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Translations


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