- English Grammar A2 Level - https://open.books4languages.com/english-a2-grammar -

Present Perfect Interrogative

Introduction

The present perfect is a tense used to express completed actions which have occurred in the past, are connected to the present and still have effects on it.

When expressed in its interrogative form, the verb is used to ask questions.

Form

The present perfect, in its interrogative form, has this structure:
Have + subject + past participle + …?

Have Subject Past Participle Question
Mark
Have I/you worked ?
Has he/she/it worked ?
Have we/you/they worked ?

{Check the topic Past Participle [3] to learn irregular verbs}.

Example

Past situations with results in the present

  • Have I been lucky?
  • Has he been born?
  • Have we had the same experience?

Finished actions referring to life experiences up to now

  • Have I talked to her four times?
  • Has she visited this castle?
  • Have they travelled without their computer?

Use

We use present perfect, in its interrogative form, to ask about:

  1. Past situations with results in the present;
  2. Finished actions referring to life experience up to now.

Summary

We use the present perfect, in the interrogative form, to ask about completed actions which have occurred in the past, are connected to the present and still have effects on it.

When we use the present perfect in its interrogative form, we start with have followed by the subject and a past participle (the sentence ends with a question mark). In the third person singular, we use has.

NOTE: The past participle [3] is usually used to form the perfect tenses, and it indicates past or completed actions. It is formed by adding -d or -ed to the base form of regular verbs, whereas irregular verbs have different forms which need to be studied by heart.

For example:
— “Has she worked on an important project this morning?” = We use the present perfect because the past action still has effects on the present (for example, the streets are still wet).
♦ “Did she work on an important project yesterday?” = We use the past simple [4] because the past action is finished and there’s no need to emphasise its effects on the present.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.