38 Be going to

Introduction

To Be going to is a structure that refers to the future.

Form

Affirmative

Its structure, in the affirmative form, is:
Subject + to be + going to + verb + …

  • Short form of the affirmative form is the same as the short form of to be: I’m – you’re – he’s…
Subject To Be Going To Verb
I am going to work
You are going to work
He is going to work
She is going to work
It is going to work
We are going to work
You are going to work
They are going to work

Negative

Its structure, in the negative form, is:
Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …

  • Short form of the negative form is the same as the short form of to be: I’m not – you’re not/you aren’t – he’s not/he isn’t…
Subject To Be + not Going To Verb
I am not going to work
You are not going to work
He is not going to work
She is not going to work
It is not going to work
We are not going to work
You are not going to work
They are not going to work

Interrogative

Its structure, in the interrogative form, is:
To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

To Be Subject Going To Verb Question
Mark
Am I going to work ?
Are you going to work ?
Is he going to work ?
Is she going to work ?
Is it going to work ?
Are we going to work ?
Are you going to work ?
Are they going to work ?

Example

Affirmative

  • I am going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is going to be the boss.
  • We are going to visit your company today.

Negative

  • I am not going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is not going to be the boss.
  • We are not going to visit your company today.

Interrogative

  • Am I going to the shop this weekend?
  • Is he going to be the boss when he grows up?
  • Are we going to visit your company today?

Use

We use be going to when we want to express intentions and future plans.

NOTE: We can use gonna instead of going to in informal contexts.

Summary

Be going to refers to strong intentions and future plans.

  • Affirmative: Subject + to be + going to + verb + …
  • Negative: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …
  • Interrogative: To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

For example:
— Affirmative: “I am going to go to work.”
— Negative: “I am not going to go to work, I am going to the shop.”
— Interrogative: “Are you going to work?

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

Exercises


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License

ARCHIVED: English Grammar A1 Level - V1 Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.