2 Subject Pronouns

Introduction

Pronouns are words used to avoid repetitions of a noun.

Subject pronouns replace a subject which is a person or a thing in a sentence.

Form

We distinguish subject pronouns depending on number (singular, plural) and gender (masculine, feminine, neutral).

Subject pronouns are used before verbs in the sentence.

Subject Person Number Gender
I 1st person sing.
You 2nd person sing.
He 3rd person sing. masculine
She 3rd person sing. feminine
It 3rd person sing. neutral*
We 1st person plur.  –
You 2nd person plur.  –
They 3rd person plur.  –

* (object/animal)

Example

  1. Subject of the verb
    • I am fast.
    • You are pretty.
    • He is short.
    • She is beautiful.
    • It is big.
    • We are young.
    • You are athletes.
    • They are fat.
  2. To replace the noun phrase subject and avoid repetitions
    • [n/a]*
    • Andy, take off that hat, you look funny.
    • John is tall and he is also thin.
    • Maria is from Spain, she is Spanish.
    • I like the color red, it is passionate.
    • Julia and I come from France, we are French.
    • You and Peter always talk, you are really talkative.
    • John and Maria are fat, they eat a lot.

*Not applicable to the first person singular.

Use

Subject pronouns are the pronouns used:

  1. As the subject of the verb;
  2. To replace the noun phrase subject and avoid repetitions.

Summary

Subject pronouns are used as the subject of the verb, or to replace a noun phrase subject, which has been previously mentioned, and avoid repetitions. They differ in gender and number, and are placed before verbs.

They are: I, you, he, she, it, we, you and they.

For example:
— “I am tall.” = I refers to the speaker.
— “He is tall.” = He refers to the one specific boy.
— “They are tall.” = They refers to some specific people.

NOTE: If you want to use subject pronouns as a replacement, it is not possible to do so with the first person singular (I).

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context sentence.

Exercises


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License

ARCHIVED: English Grammar A1 Level - V1 Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.