# 41 Ordinal Numbers

## Introduction

Ordinal numbers express numerical sequences, positioning elements in a list.

## Form

Ordinal numbers are usually preceded by the definite article the and they are usually placed after the verb. Ordinal numbers are made by adding -th* to the cardinal numbers (1 – 10):

• 1st* – First
• 2nd* – Second
• 3rd* – Third
• 4th – Fourth
• 5th* – Fifth
• 6th – Sixth
• 7th – Seventh
• 8th* – Eighth
• 9th* – Ninth
• 10th – Tenth

*The exceptions (also twelve = twelfth).

## Example

• It’s my second time in Sweden.
• He was the first on the list.
• Our house is the fourth on the left.

## Use

We use ordinal numbers to show the position of something.

Unlike cardinal numbers, which are used to express the quantity of something, they express numerical sequences.

## Summary

Ordinal numbers differ from cardinal numbers as they are used to position elements on a list.

Ordinal numbers are made by adding -th to the cardinal numbers: first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth.

For example:
— “It’s my fifth time in Spain.” = This is the current number of times I have visited Spain and I am there now (fifth = ordinal number).
♦ “I’ve been to Spain five times.” = The total number of times I visited Spain and I am not there anymore. (five = cardinal number).

NOTE: 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 9 and 12 are exceptions (as their ordinal numbers don’t follow the general formation rule: first, second, third, fifth, eighth, ninth and twelfth).

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context. ## Exercises

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