22 Have and Have got Interrogative

Introduction

Have/have got is a verb used to express states like possessions, relationships, illnesses and characteristics of people and things.

When expressed in its interrogative form, it is used to ask questions about the possession of something.

Form

The present simple tenses of have and have got are:

To have

Its structure, in the interrogative form, is:
Do/Does + subject + have + object + …?

  • Do/does: in the interrogative form, the third person singular changes from do to does.
Do/Does Subject have Question Mark
Do I have ?
Do you have ?
Does he have ?
Does she have ?
Does it have ?
Do we have ?
Do you have ?
Do they have ?

To have got

Its structure, in the interrogative form, is:
Have/Has + subject + got + object + …?

  • Have/has: in the interrogative form, the third person singular changes from have to has.
Have/Has Subject Got Question Mark
Have I got ?
Have you got ?
Has he got ?
Has she got ?
Has it got ?
Have we got ?
Have you got ?
Have they got ?

Example

To have

  • Do you have lunch at 2 p.m.?
  • Did she have two dogs?; does she have two dogs?; will she have two dogs?

To have got

  • Have you got lunch at 2 p.m.?
  • Had she got two dogs?; has she got two dogs?; will she have got two dogs?

Use

Do I have..? and Have I got…? are used to ask whether someone possesses someone/something. They are also used to express relationships, illnesses and characteristics of people and things. However they’re not completely interchangeable.

  • To have
    • Can be used to express actions;
    • Can be used to express past, present and future.
  • To have got
    • Cannot be used to express actions;
    • Can only be used to express the present.

Summary

Have and have got, in the interrogative form, are used to ask about states such as possessions, relationships, illnesses and characteristics of the subject. However, we cannot use one instead of the other.

  • Have can be used to express actions in the past, present and future. The structure is:
    Do/Does + subject + have + object + …? (does for the third person singular)
  • Have got cannot be used to express actions. It can only be used to express the present. The structure is:
    Have/Has + subject + got + object + …? (has for the third person singular)

For example:
— “Do I have lunch at 2 p.m?” / Have I got lunch at 2 p.m?“ = We use have because it is an action.
— “Have I got a car?” = We use have got because it is the possession of something in the present.

NOTE: Have is also used as an auxiliary verb in certain tenses to talk about actions. We cannot use have got for this.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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ARCHIVED: English Grammar A1 Level - V1 Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.