35 Infinitive


The infinitive is the basic form of a verb, and we use it to form other verbal tenses.


There are two forms of the infinitive:

  • The zero infinitive consists only of the base form of the verb (work).
  • The to-infinitive consists of to and the base form of the verb (to work).


  • Zero infinitive
    • I can speak Spanish.
    • He can count to ten.
    • They can write in Russian.
  • To-infinitive
    • I asked him to teach me French.
    • She loves to paint with watercolours.
    • We hope to find a yellow dress.


Zero and to-infinitives are used as a basis for the formation of other tenses.


The infinitive is the basic form of a verb. We can distinguish it into:

  • Zero infinitive: base form of the verb.
  • To-infinitive: base form of the verb preceded by to-.

For example:
— “She can play football.”
— “You love to play football.”

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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