Unit 7.1

Consonant clusters

Advertising

Introduction

A consonant cluster is the combination of two or more consonants together placed in any part of the word.

Form

The most common consonant clusters are:

Uppercase Lowercase Phonetic transcription
BL, BR bl, br, /bl/, /br/
CL, CR cl, cr /kl/, /kr/
DR dr /dr/
FL, FR fl, fr /fl/, /fr/
GL,GR gl, gr /gl/, /gr/
PL, PR pl, pr /pl/, /pr/
SC, SK, SL, SM, SN, SP, ST, SW sc, sh, sk, sl, sm, sn, sp, st, sw /sk/, /sk/, /sl/, /sm/, /sn/, /sp/, /st/, /w/
TR, TW tr, tw /tr/, /tw/

Example

  • bl: cable
  • cl: cluster
  • tr: tree
  • st: coast
  • pr: apricot

Use

A consonant cluster is a combination of two or more consonants together, without a vowel between them, that are part of the same syllable.

They may appear anywhere in the word: at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end.
Consonant clusters can be produced in a lot of ways, some of which are:
  • nasal + stop – /mp/
  • nasal + fricative- /sɛvə/
  • nasal + affricate – /ntʃ/
  • fricative + stop /best/

Perhaps at first they are difficult to pronounce for students due to the cluster of two consonant sounds. It usually happens when sk- at the beginning of the word, as in ski (/skiː/, not /eskiː/.)

Exercises

Ambassadors

Open TextBooks are collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone and everywhere.

Become an Ambassador and write your textbooks.

Online Teaching

Become a Books4Languages Online tutor & teacher.

More information here about how to be a tutor.

Translations


Ambassadors

The Books4Languages is a collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone, everywhere.

License