Unit 0

English Alphabet

Alphabet

The modern English alphabet consists of 26 letters, 5 vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and 21 consonants (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y and z).

The alphabet sounds are represented by graphemes (the letters); orthography is concerned with the correct writing of the graphemes, whereas the sounds (phones) are studied by using phonetics and phonology.

We use the letters of the alphabet to form words. Usually we don’t use more than 3 consecutive consonants without a vowel following in a word.

Each letter has an uppercase and a lowercase form.

UppercaseLowercasePhoneticsPronunciation
Aa//ei
Bb/biː/bee
Cc/siː/cee
Dd/dɪ/ dee
Ee/iː/ii
Ff/ɛf/ef
Gg/ʤiː/gee
Hh/eːʧ /aitch
Ii/aɪ/ai
Jj/ʤeɪ/jay
Kk/keɪ/kay
Ll/ɛl/el
Mm/ɛm/em
Nn/ɛn/en
Oo/oʊ/o
Pp/piː/pee
Qq/kjuː/qiu
Rr/ɑr/ar
Ss/ɛs/ess
Tt/tiː/tee
Uu/juː/iu
Vv/viː/vee
Ww/ˈdʌbəl juː/double-iu
Xx/ɛks/ex
Yy/waɪ/wye
Zz/zi/zi
  • Apple
  • Ball
  • Cat
  • Dog
  • Egg
  • Frog
  • Game
  • House
  • Ice cream
  • Joker
  • Kite
  • Lemon
  • Monkey
  • Nurse
  • Orange
  • Pizza
  • Queen
  • Rose
  • Sun
  • Tree
  • Umbrella
  • Violin
  • Window
  • Xylophone
  • Yogurt
  • Zebra

License

English Orthography A1 Level Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.