Unit 4.1

Letters: C-G


The letters c and g represent velar plosive consonants, respectively voiceless and voiced.


The sounds of c and g are:

Uppercase Lowercase Phonetics
C c /k/
G g /g/


c: cat, close, cut;
ggame, get, go.


The consonants c and g are called velar. The sound of c and g are produced when the tip of the tongue is pressed against the soft palate, forming a barrier. They are plosive consonants because when the stream of air breaks that barrier where the air could not escape, the sound is produced.

  • c is voiceless, so the vocal cords do not vibrate during the articulation of the consonant;
  • g is voiced, so the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation of the consonant.



External link to Letters: C-G exercises (1160).