The letters c and g represent velar plosive consonants, respectively voiceless and voiced.
The velar sounds are:
c: cat, close, cut;
g: game, get, go.
Velar consonants are articulated with the tip of the tongue pressed against the soft palate, forming a barrier. When a stream breaks through this obstacle, sound is produced.
- c: voiceless, vocal cords do not vibrate during the articulation of the consonant;
- g: voiced, vocal cords vibrate during the articulation of the consonant.