Unit 6.1


Letters: M, N

Sounds and letters

The letters m and n represent nasal consonants.

The nasal consonants are:

UppercaseLowercasePhonetics
Mm/m/
Nn/n/

m: man, milk, mother.
n: name, nine, noodles.

To pronounce nasal consonants a stream of air is sent through the nose.
When pronouncing m the lips are closed, the airflow passes through the nasal and oral cavities.

  • m: voiced, vocal cords vibrate to produce the sound;

When pronouncing n, the anterior part of the tongue wall touches the upper teeth and alveoli, forming an obstruction. The air flow passes through the nasal and oral cavities.

  • n: voiced, vocal cords vibrate to produce the sound.

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