Unit 5.2

Adjectives + To Infinitives


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Introduction

Adjectives are determiners that can be placed in two different positions within a sentence to modify or describe a person or a thing.

Some adjectives can be followed by the to-infinitive form of verbs to express feelings or reactions.

Form

Adjectives + to-infinitives have this structure:
Adjective + (noun/noun phrase) + to-infinitive + …

The most commonly used adjectives are: clever, difficult, easy, hard, impossible, nice, possible, right, strange, wrong…

Example

  • You are clever to stop working there, they don’t pay you enough.
  • It is very difficult for me to breathe because it smells horrible.
  • It isn’t easy to ride a horse that behaves badly.
  • It was really hard to find our way here.
  • She found it impossible to learn to play the piano
  • It was nice to see you looking so happy!
  • How is it possible to be this tired?
  • You were right to say that to him, he shouldn’t talk to you like that.
  • It would be strange to see you with short hair.
  • He was wrong to think that she ever cared. 

Use

We use adjectives followed by to-infinitives to express feelings or reactions.

Summary

We find some adjectives followed by the to-infinitive form of verbs to express feelings or reactions.

The most commonly used adjetives are: clever, difficult, easy, hard, impossible, nice, possible, right, strange, wrong…

The structure is: the adjective (potentially followed by a noun or a noun phrase) followed by a to-infinitive.

For example:
— “It is expensive to buy.” = Expensive can be followed by the to-infinitive form (to buy).

NOTE: Not all adjectives can be followed by the to-infinitive.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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