Unit 6.1

Comparative Correlative Clause: The… the

Complex Clauses

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Introduction

Comparisons with adjectives and adverbs are used to compare things, people or actions, expressing the equalities or inequalities between them.

We use the structure the…the to express the idea of two things changing together.

{see Comparisons with Adjectives and Adverbs, A1 level}

Form

The comparative the…the has this structure:
The + Clause 1 + , + the + Clause 2 

NOTE: If there is a two-syllable adjective (without suffix -y) or more, we put more before it.
{See Comparisons with Adjectives and Adverbs, A1 level}

Example

  • The less interest you pay, the more you save.
  • The more mistakes she makes, the more she learns.
  • The more we deal with clients, the more tired we get.
  • The more flowers you grow, the prettier your garden will be.
  • The faster we run, the quicker we will get there!

Use

We use the comparative the…the when we want to relate two clauses that change together: the first clause is the cause and the second clause is the result.

Summary

We use comparativesto make a comparison between two things, people or actions, expressing the equalities or inequalities between them.

We can use the the…the structure to express the idea of two things changing together. The first clause is the cause and the second the result.

In the  the…the clause, we start with the first the and a comparative followed by a clause, then we use a comma and the other the, and another comparative followed by another clause.

For example:
— “The more they decrease the prices, the more customers come to the store.” = We use comparison with the…the to show the cause and result effect. As they lower the prices, the number of customers increases.
“The new store is more expensive than the last one.” = In this case more compares only two things.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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