Unit 11.2

# Temporal Clauses

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## Introduction

Temporal clauses are part of the adverbial clauses which are composed of independent and dependent clauses, linked by connectors.

## Form

The temporal clause has two kinds of structures that differ in the order of words but not in meaning.

We can find:
Connector + clause 1 + (,) + clause 2…
Clause 1 + connector + clause 2…

The most commonly used connectors, to link temporal subordinate clauses, are: as soon as, once, until

## Example

• As soon as the civil war started, he left the city.
I got here as soon as you called.
• Once I become the ambassador, I will call the president.
She will call you once she arrives home.
• Until the water evaporates, don’t turn off the oven.
I’ll wait with you until the train comes.

## Use

We use temporal clauses to produce more complex sentences and locate an event in a specific moment or period.

The meaning of temporal clause depends on the following connectors:

1. as soon as: to show that the first clause should happen right after the second;
2. once: to show that the first clause should happen right after the second;
3. until: to show that the first clause will finish as the second one starts.

## Summary

A temporal clause is usually composed of two parts: the independent and the dependent clause, which are linked by time connectors. These connectors refer to a specific point of time.

The structure is: we start with a time connector followed by a clause, a comma and another clause. We can also start with a clause followed by a time connector and another clause (we do not use a comma here).

The most commonly used time connectors, to link temporal subordinate clauses, are: as soon as, once, until

For example:
— “As soon as we entered the house, it started to rain.” = First we entered the house, then it started to rain.
— “I worked for 30 years until I retired.” = I worked for 30 years and after I retired.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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