The letters s and z are called alveolar fricatives, voiced and voiceless, repectively.
Pronounced as /z/
- after a voiced consonant
- dogs, beds, dolls;
- after a vowel sound
- disease, choose, rose;
- between two vowels:
- music, reason, cousin;
- after another s:
- dessert, scissors, possess, dissolve;
Pronounced as /s/
- caps, stops, laughs
To pronounce alveolar fricatives, the the flow of air must be stopped by the block created between the tongue and the alveolar ridge.
- /s/ is voiced, so the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation of the consonant; it is a similar sound to the one that a snake does.
- /z/ is voiceless so the vocal cords do not vibrate during the articulation of the consonant; it is a similar sound to the one that a bee does.
S is pronounced like /z/:
-After a voiced consonant sound
- The voiced consonant sounds are: b, d, g, l, m, n, ng, r, v, y
– After a vowel sound
-If there is a vowel before s and it is followed by e (e.g. -use, -ase, -ose)
- Exceptions: house, mouse, promise
-Between two vowels
-After another s (ss)
S is pronounced as /s/
-After a voiceless consonant sound
- The voiceless consonant sounds are: p, t, k, f, s, th, sh, ch, h
External link to Letter: S-Z exercises (1209).
Open TextBooks are collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone and everywhere.
Become an Ambassador and write your textbooks.
Become a Books4Languages Online tutor & teacher.
More information here about how to be a tutor.