Unit 11.1

Comma

Punctuation - 2 minutes

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Introduction

A comma is a punctuation mark used for indicating a division in a sentence.

Form

Commas appear:

  1. between words or phrases
  2. between question tags and yes-no responses
  3. between vocatives and discourse markers
  4. between normal speech and direct speech
  5. before the closing of the quotation marks when the direct speech is first

Example

  1. Between words or phrases
    • Agatha, my sister, is coming to Valencia on Friday.
    • I am, in fact, a very lucky person.
    • You can tell him. However, I don’t think it’s a good idea.
  2. Between question tags and yes-no responses
    • She’s very nice, isn’t she?
    • You don’t like her, do you?
    • No, thank you.
  3. Between vocatives and discourse markers
    • Tell me, John, what made you do this.
    • Wow, that sounds great!
    • Well, I don’t quite agree with you.
  4. Between normal speech and direct speech
    • He argued, ‘I didn’t do it’.
    • She said in her lecture, ‘Culture is part of nature’.
    • He sang, ‘We are the world’.
  5. Before the closing of the quotation marks when the direct speech is first
    • We want to go home,‘ the students shouted.
    • ‘I don’t want to spend all summer at home,‘ she said.
    • ‘I’ve never seen such a beautiful woman before,‘ he whispered.

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