Unit 10.1

Abbreviations

Introduction

Abbreviations are shortened or contracted forms of words or phrases.

Form

Though abbreviation is the general term, there are different types. In this case we are speaking about contractions.

  • Contractions are abbreviations in which the letters in the middle of the word have been removed.

To form the plural version, the word is added a -s in the end, as in drs (doctors).

Example

    • Dr
    • Mr
    • km
    • am / pm

Use

We use abbreviations to save time and space when writing (and sometimes when speaking too).

The abbreviations shown in this section are typical in common conversations

  • To refer to people in a formal way: doctor (dr) or mister (Mr).
  • We use ‘km’ to substitute ‘kilometer’ when we are referring to speed or length.
  • We use ‘am’ and ‘pm’ to express the time before and after midday. It comes from ‘ante meridiam’ and ‘post meridiam’.

Exercises

External link to Abbreviations exercises (1196).




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