Unit 7.1

Economy and industry

General knowledge

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Systems of Weight and Measurement in the United Kingdom

  • The United Kingdom officially uses a metric system but it is still common to use the imperial system which is often used for distances.
    • Metric system:
      • Length:
        • Kilometre(km) is equal to 1.000 m.
        • Metre (m) is equal to 100 cm.
        • Centimetre (cm) is equal to 0.01 m
      • Weight:
        • Kilogramme (kg) is equal to 1.000 g.
        • Gram (g) is equal to 0.001 kg.
      • Volume:
        • Litre (l) is equal of 1.000 ml and to one cubic decimetre (10 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm).
        • Millilitre (ml) is equal to 0.001 l.
    • British Imperial system:
      • Length:
        • Mile contains 1.760 yards. It is equal to  1.6 kilometres.
        • Yard (yd) contains 3 feet. It is equal to 91.4 centimetres.
        • Foot (ft) contains 12 inches. It is equal to 30.48 centimetres.
        • Inch (in) equals 2.5 centimetres.
      • Weight:
        • Pound (lb) contains 12 ounces. It is equal to 454 grams.
        • Ounce (oz) equals 28 grams.
      • Volume:
        • Gallon (gal) contains 4 quarts. It is equal to 4.55 l.
        • Quart (qt) contains 2 pints. It is equal to 1.14 l.
        • Pint (pt) is equal to 0.57 l.

Currency

  • The British currency is called pound (£), it is also known as GBP – Great British Pound.
  • One pound equals 100 pennies (p).
  • Notes come in denominations of £5, £10, £20 and £50.
  • Coins come in 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p, 50p, £1 and £2.
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