Unit 7.1

# Economy and industry

## Systems of Weight and Measurement in the United Kingdom

• The United Kingdom officially uses a metric system but it is still common to use the imperial system which is often used for distances.
• Metric system:
• Length:
• Kilometre(km) is equal to 1.000 m.
• Metre (m) is equal to 100 cm.
• Centimetre (cm) is equal to 0.01 m
• Weight:
• Kilogramme (kg) is equal to 1.000 g.
• Gram (g) is equal to 0.001 kg.
• Volume:
• Litre (l) is equal of 1.000 ml and to one cubic decimetre (10 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm).
• Millilitre (ml) is equal to 0.001 l.
• British Imperial system:
• Length:
• Mile contains 1.760 yards. It is equal to  1.6 kilometres.
• Yard (yd) contains 3 feet. It is equal to 91.4 centimetres.
• Foot (ft) contains 12 inches. It is equal to 30.48 centimetres.
• Inch (in) equals 2.5 centimetres.
• Weight:
• Pound (lb) contains 12 ounces. It is equal to 454 grams.
• Ounce (oz) equals 28 grams.
• Volume:
• Gallon (gal) contains 4 quarts. It is equal to 4.55 l.
• Quart (qt) contains 2 pints. It is equal to 1.14 l.
• Pint (pt) is equal to 0.57 l.

## Currency

• The British currency is called pound (£), it is also known as GBP – Great British Pound.
• One pound equals 100 pennies (p).
• Notes come in denominations of £5, £10, £20 and £50.
• Coins come in 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p, 50p, £1 and £2.

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